To me. When you hear others speak to you in supposed veracity, hear clearly. More importantly, never lie to yourself. Hide if you must, like you did when your parents from the pulpit told you that beyond the heat death, something far beyond their ken... that flames and burning and a horrid few final moments would last longer than that, a length beyond the heat death of the universe. In an infinity as the number 8, only now, with their miscegenation, they make me think of their brains. As hollowed out as the final days of the 88s. Not the movie, the caliber that needed gone. Annihilated, not decimated. Decimation was discipline in the most harsh way to prove final devotion. They couldn't understand, and your parents hit you, just because your first and most common word was "Why." Why was it why? Because I asked: If you were born in Israel would you most likely be of that Faith? How about somewhere in Arabia, or the Far East? I still seek Answers, it's in my literal Nature. I hope that over the years you've learned more about respect than just demanding it because of a simple number. You see, and I hope others will as well, that age is not wisdom, but with time and a model of cognitive thought, wisdom can be attained, in the best way we know how. Empirically, in Science, not Napoleonistic megalo-cash-mania, wanting even more, and to kill the planet. Because he was not Gorbachev. 1991 still rankles harsh to him, doesn't it? An history rhyming Napolean in reverse. If "let's just move on" were a real, tangible thing, why aren't so many people flying the penultimate NASCAR flag, instead of the battle flag of insurrection red, with a blue X? How will your nation see a much bigger enemy than garbage from before? How do you garbage collect The agent of Chaos? The ballot box here won't be like who I spoke with a Russian colleague about elections there, when he was fleeing other than hurtful accusations like boastful Ayn Rand. F or P, depending on cyrillic or hellenic or whatever linguistic translation you choose. The man we spoke about? His name was Med-something, but no one else seems to remember. You won't spell it out because you still can't elocute the pronunciation. Thoughts like these filled your head as a child, and the luftballoons. Your mother called you a stupid kid when she rushed you out of the house as a child. Are you playing the victim? I think not. Watching a commercial with a certain brand of underwear, I knew the actors had to be casted in some way, with quite a lot of research marketing spam as parodied in Silicon Valley. However, I can't take my eyes off of beauty on TV, with manscaped aesthetics and adonis belts and well, well filled out just like that underwear commercial. Just for linguistic aesthetics you like that spelling, for yore of the ae, and the rijndael. Toodles. Learn well. Read well. Listen even more than you just simply hear. You, well, Me. P.S. -- Scent taught you well in anecdotal and solid data from MHC research. Liking your partner's scent is a real deal. In the strangest Truth most of us have ever seen, let the ballot box decide whether to expatriate. To leave the New Babylon.
2020.08.28 19:11 ZhannabelleWie kann man eine eigene Energiequelle finden
Geheimnis für eine glückliche Frau von Zhannabelle
https://preview.redd.it/8h45by720sj51.jpg?width=790&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=f97140df2b239134224f30dd0b0600e676881145 Haben Sie jemals darüber nachgedacht, warum es herum viele schöne Frauen gibt, die aber einsam sind? Oder wie lange hatten Sie schon das Gefühl der Inspiration oder Beschwingtheit? Wie kann man nicht gereizt sein, ohne die geringste Müdigkeit, leben und die kleinen Dinge um sich herum genießen? Normalerweise tritt dieser Zustand ab den ersten Tagen der Verliebtheit auf und setzt sich fort, bis die Realität Ihre Träume zerstört. Sie können nur dann wirklichglücklichsein, wenn Sie es schaffen, dieses helle Licht der Liebe durch Ihren Alltag zu bewahren und zu tragen. Also, was ist zu tun? Im grauen Alltag leben, resigniert mit dem depressiven Zustand? Eindeutig nein! Möchten Sie erfahren, wie man ständig mit einem hellen Gefühl der Verliebtheit leben kann? Die Nachfolgerin des Erbes der sibirischen Schamanen, Zhannabelle, ist bereit, die Weisheit des ewigen Glückszustands mit Ihnen zu teilen. Schließlich dafür ist es wichtig zu wissen, was Ihre Inspirationsquelle werden kann.
Liebe für ein Mal
Das Gespräch darüber, ob es möglich ist, den Zustand der Verliebtheit ständig zu erleben, begann während unseres Sommerspaziergangs entlang der Uferstraße. Wir fuhren mit Zhannabelle an blühenden Blumenbeeten vorbei, und vorne ging ein Paar spazieren. Es war zu sehen, wie der Mann bebend die Hand des Mädchens hielt und ihr etwas erzählte. Ihre ganze Aufmerksamkeit war auf ihn gerichtet. Man muss keine Superfähigkeiten haben, um zu verstehen, wie die Energiekraft dieses Mädchens durch ihre übermäßige Begeisterung auf ihren Partner übertragen wird. In diesem Fall füllte sich die männliche Aura schnell mit Licht, während die weibliche Aura im Gegenteil verblasste. Natürlich konnte man sie an ihrem glücklichen Blick verstehen. Wahrscheinlich zeichnete ihre Phantasie in diesem Moment Bilder eines vielversprechenden glücklichen Lebens mit diesem Mann. Darüber hinaus beneidet jeder, der dieses Paar sieht, um ihr Glück und ihre Freude. Ich hatte sofort eine Frage, die ich Zhannabelle stellte, ob dieses Mädchen lange Glück erleben wird? Ob er sie als seine Gefährtin wählen wird? Oder vielleicht einfach seinen Durst stillen, indem er sie bis zum Boden austrinkt und die leere Flasche wegwirft?
Wie die Schulung in der Praxis hilft
Zhannabelle erschien in meinem Leben in dem Moment, als ich Schwierigkeiten mit meiner geliebten Sache hatte. Abrupte Veränderungen in fast allen Bereichen der Welt haben mich ebenfalls betroffen. Mein Wissen und meine Fähigkeiten wurden von niemandem mehr benötigt. Aufgeben, das ist nicht über mich. Ein interessanter Artikel über Antikrisenmaßnahmen ist mir aufgefallen, deshalb habe ich mich entschlossen, online zu studieren. Zhannabelle erwies sich als echte Mentorin, und ich hatte das Glück, sie kennenzulernen. Sie riet mir bald, individuelle Praktiken auszuprobieren. Eine Schülerin von Zhannabelle teilt ihre Erfahrungen über die Durchführung solcher Praktiken.
Ich bin es gewohnt, nach dem Prinzip zu handeln: „Ich werde alles selbst erreichen und alles selbst tun“. Wie es mir schien, überwiegt die männliche Energie in mir, was hilft, sich zu konzentrieren und hohe Ergebnisse zu erzielen. Und eine solche Energie war in mir zu viel. Ich begann ständig alles zu kontrollieren, ich wurde starr und anspruchsvoll. Dieses Verhalten führte zu nichts Gutem. Mein Mann ist irgendwie abhängig geworden, könnte man auch schwach sagen. Und ich fühlte mich ständig müde und wurde dann krank. Sofort fühlte ich mich leer und wie eine ausgepresste Zitrone. Und in der Beziehung gab es nur Kälte. Und zum Glück habe ich im Internet Zhannabelles Unterricht und Praktiken gesehen. Natürlich habe ich beschlossen sie auszuprobieren. Als ich diese schöne Frau sah, wurde mir klar, wie rein sie war, ihre Bewegungen waren leicht. Sie ist offen, einladend und verkörpert das Licht. Nach ein paar Unterrichten wurde ich die gleiche. Ich bemerkte, dass mein Mann begann sich für mich zu interessieren, er entflammte von innen! Zhannabelle hat mir gezeigt, wie mächtig Energie sein kann. Ich weiß, wie ich meine weibliche Kraft ausfüllen und wo ich die Ressource bekommen kann.“ Mit Hilfe realer Situationen half mir Zhannabelle, eines der wichtigsten kosmischen Gesetze zu lernen, die sie in ihrem Leben anwendet: „Hilf einem anderen und Gott wird dir helfen.“
Die Fähigkeit mit meiner inneren Vision zu sehen hat in mir Zhannabelle offenbart. Es stellt sich heraus, dass man nicht nur den physischen Zustand, sondern auch die verbrauchte menschliche Energie erblicken kann. Auch wohin er sie richtet. Ich erinnerte mich an diese Situation an der Uferstraße und beschloss, den Mann mit einer solchen Vision anzuschauen. Was denken Sie ich gesehen habe? Ich bemerkte seine Eitelkeit, Eigenliebe und den Wunsch, sein Geschäft weiterzuentwickeln. Und wie wir wissen, um all dies zu schaffen braucht er viel Energie. Als er die Hand des Mädchens hielt und dabei in ihre Augen blickte, die voller Glück und Freude waren, stellte er eine untrennbare Verbindung her, als wäre er mit einer Energiequelle verbunden. Dies ähnelt dem Laden eines leeren Akkus. Wissen Sie, Zhannabelle hat mir gesagt, dass ich kein Recht habe, diesen Mann und die anderen auch zu verurteilen. Energie zu sammeln und dann sie in Aktion zu setzen ist schließlich die direkteste Aufgabe der gesamten männlichen Hälfte. So wurde es vom Kosmos festgelegt. Übrigens hat Zhannabelle mich in das kosmische Gesetz eingeführt. Je länger ein Mann neben einer Frau ist und verschiedene Lebenssituationen mit ihr teilt, desto größer wird ihr Glück sein. Wie Zhannabelle sagt, solange eine Frau einen Mann mit Lebensenergie versorgt, wird er immer mit ihr sein. Aber es kommt ein Moment, in dem er auf der Suche nach einer neuen Quelle geht, ohne zu begreifen, wie er das Interesse an dieser Frau verloren hat. Und dies geschieht aus dem Grund, dass die meisten modernen Vertreter des fairen Geschlechts nicht wissen, was Lebensenergie ist. Sie wissen nicht, wie man es richtig benutzt und steuert. Und vor allem, wie man sie auffüllt, unabhängig vom Alter. Als ich mir die blühende Zhannabelle ansah, war klar, dass sie dieses Wissen perfekt beherrscht. Darüber hinaus schenkt und teilt sie dies großzügig mit anderen. Nach meiner eigenen Erfahrung habe ich dieses Gefühl erlebt. Sofort hatte ich einen starken Wunsch, dieser Unbekannte zu helfen. Ich wollte ihre Assistentin werden, wie Zhannabelle verschiedenen Frauen auf der ganzen Welt zu helfen. Eine Frau sollte immer eine unerschöpfliche Energiequelle sein, begehrt sein und einen würdigen Mann inspirieren. Auch in der Lage sein, eigene Vergangenheit zu überwinden und zu lernen, eigene Talente und Ideen zu verwirklichen. Wir fuhren zu einem Café an der Uferstraße, ließen das Auto stehen und setzten uns auf die Terrasse. Die Beobachtung des Paares wurde fortgesetzt.
Unwissenheit der energetischen Kraft
Wir bemerkten, dass der Mann zufrieden, aber leicht angespannt war. Es schien, dass er einen Weg geht, der ihn einst in die falsche Richtung führte. Offensichtlich versteht er einfach nicht, wann er sich in die entgegengesetzte Richtung drehen muss. Zhannabelle bemerkte mit ihrer inneren Vision seine wiederholten Versuche, ernsthafte Beziehungen aufzubauen, die zu schnell endeten. Außerdem dachte der Mann, dass der Abschied durch seine Schuld geschah. Nach ihm war zu sehen, dass er auch diesmal Angst hatte, das Interesse an diesem Mädchen zu verlieren. Vielleicht vergeht seine Begierde schnell, egal wie sehr er versucht, es zu vermeiden.
Venus hat den größten Einfluss auf die weibliche Natur. Sie erhöht die körperliche Attraktivität und Sexualität. Der Mond kann die innere subtile Schönheit und psychische Energie verbessern.
Ich hatte eine Frage und fragte sofort Zhannabelle: Wenn der Mann das Mädchen heiraten würde, was passiert dann, wenn ihre Energie vorbei ist? Sie antwortete, dass sie viele solcher Ehen gesehen habe. Wenn ein Mann keine Energie erhält, wird er nicht fähig der Familie einen angemessenen Lebensstil zu bieten. Und er selbst verliert schnell seinen Status in der Gesellschaft. Sein depressiver Zustand wird zur Suche nach einer anderen Realität führen. Einige konsumieren Alkohol oder Drogen, andere spielen oder, schlimmer noch, suchen Energie aus dem Kontakt mit einer anderen Frau. Und was wird mit dem Mädchen passieren? Ihre innere Welt wird geleert, Hobbys und Talente werden unnötig. Ständige Reizbarkeit kann zu Krankheit führen. Solche Paare sind zum Scheitern verurteilt, sie haben keine Zukunft. Darüber hinaus wird sich eine solche negative Auswirkung auf Kinder auswirken, wenn sie diese haben werden. Wir sahen vor uns zwei Verliebte, die Glück wollten. Nur zwischen ihnen und dem zukünftigen Glück entstand eine Barriere – energetischer Analphabetismus.
Es ist niemand schuld, aber ist was tun?
Zhannabelle betont immer, dass niemand schuld ist, aber die Situation kann und sollte geändert werden. Schon in der Antike wurde Mädchen durch den Besuch von Sonderschulen das Wissen über Energiekompetenz vermittelt. Weise Mentoren teilten ihr Wissen mit ihnen - sehr selten die Mutter. Und jetzt wird diese Tradition durch die Bemühungen von Zhannabelle und ihren Assistenten wiederhergestellt. Eben Frauen sollten geschult werden. Wie oft kommt es vor, dass ein Mädchen selbst die Bedeutung solcher Studien erkennt, nachdem es seine Attraktivität verloren hat, wenn es kein Interesse am Leben hat. Hier ist bereits eine Behandlung für Organe erforderlich, die durch Energieverlust geschwächt sind. Мor einer schönen, duftigen wie eine Blume Frau, kann ein weiser Mann nicht widerstehen, und natürlich wird er sich verlieben. Solch ein Mann möchte die Verliebtheit aufbewahren, deshalb versucht er sicherzustellen, dass seine Frau in dem Wissen geschult ist, das ihr hilft, viele Jahre lang genauso charmant und voller Energie zu bleiben. Jetzt viele Männer, die im Leben Erfolg haben, schicken ihre Auserwählten zum Studium bei Zhannabelle. Und wissen Sie, solche wie ein Talisman begleiten ihre Männer immer und in allem.
Eine Talisman-Frau eröffnet neue Möglichkeiten für positive Veränderungen nicht nur in ihrem Leben, sondern auch im umgebenden Raum. Solche Frauen wissen, dass die ganze Magie in ihnen steckt und wie man eine harmonische Beziehung aufrechterhält.
Jede Frau kann lernen, wenn sie sie an die Online-Schule anschließt oder persönlich mit Zhannabelle spricht. Man kann sich sogar mit ihr zu den Orten der Macht begeben.
Orte spiritueller Kraft sind einen Besuch wert, um die angesammelten Spannungen abzubauen und zur Ruhe kommen. Frauen fühlen die Freude des Seins, was sie unglaublich inspiriert und auffüllt und mit Energie auflädt.
Man muss sagen, dass nicht nur der geliebte Mann zu diesem Schritt leiten kann, sondern auch Eltern, Kinder, alle, die von dieser Frau umgeben sind und ihre Energie nutzen. Wer sie jederzeit unterstützt, wird auch erfolgreich. Wenn Sie noch keine Gelegenheit hatten, solche Menschen kennenzulernen, und andere ständig etwas brauchen, müssen Sie Ihr Energieniveau erhöhen. Und wünschenswert ist es schneller zu machen! Zhannabelle kann Ihnen helfen, Ihre Energie zu steigern, indem Sie an ihrer Online-Schule „Welt der Frauen“ studieren. Die Geschichte einer ihrer Schülerinnen wird über die Effektivität solcher Online-Kurse berichten.
Stellen Sie sich eine Situation vor: Mein Mann arbeitet den ganzen Tag und reichlich sorgt für seine Familie. Und jedes Mal, wenn er nach Hause kommt, hat er einen Wunsch – in die kühle Energie einer Frau einzutauchen, das heißt in mich. Und was ist, wenn ich meine ganze Energie verschwendet habe, habe ich ihm nichts zu bieten. Und dann heizen sich die Leidenschaften in der Familie auf. Das ist in unserer Familie passiert. Normalerweise sagen Männer über solche Frauen: „Es gibt keine Weiblichkeit in ihr.“ Aber oft verstehen wir nicht, dass Weiblichkeit nicht in einem schönen und gepflegten Aussehen liegt, sondern in der inneren Energie. Ich teilte das Problem mit einer Freundin und sie riet mir, an den Seminaren von Zhannabelle teilzunehmen. Und tatsächlich habe ich gelernt, eine Inspirationsquelle zu finden, um mit Lebensenergie gefüllt zu werden. Und mein Mann ist von mir inspiriert und gibt mir Glück und Liebe.“
Eine endlose Inspirationsquelle: Was ist das?
Nach Zhannabelle selbst ist eine unendliche Quelle die, die von Natur aus unendlich ist. Dies ist natürlich die ursprüngliche kraftvolle Energie, die von den Menschen als Schöpfer, Gott, wahrgenommen wird. Daher ist es wichtig, diese Energie zu nutzen. Wenn eine Frau die wahre Kunst des Gebets beherrscht, wird sie sofort zu einem unschätzbaren Schatz! Die Worte des Gebets zu lernen ist nicht das Wichtigste. Sie müssen auch in der Lage sein, mit dem Höchsten zu kommunizieren. Zhannabelle besitzt eine solche Fähigkeit. Sie kann ein Gebetsfeld schaffen, durch das eine direkte Verbindung zum Schöpfer besteht. Darüber hinaus gibt es auch andere Kräfte, die uns mit Energie füllen. Dies sind die Geister der Elemente, der Natur, die uns im Leben helfen werden. Die erfahrene Schamanin Zhannabelle wird Sie leicht zu den heiligen Orten führen. Sie weiß, was eine bestimmte Person braucht, damit er die Hilfe der Geister erhält. Hier ist alles wichtig: wie man sich an die Geister richtig wendet, welches Ritual benötigt wird. Unterstützung und Aufladung kann man auch von den Planeten erhalten. Jeder davon hat seinen eigenen Zweck und seine eigenen Aufgaben. Das Erfolgsgeheimnis von Zhannabelle ist ihr Heimatstar Sirius. Deshalb lässt sie sich immer davon leiten.
Mondenergie hilft bei der Empfängnis, Austragung und dem Stillen von Kindern.
Verwandeln Sie Ihr Leben zum Besseren, verlieben Sie sich darin zusammen mit Zhannabelle auf ihren Seminaren und in ihrer Online-Schule. Vergessen Sie auch Ihre Umgebung nicht. Wer günstige Veränderungen braucht, braucht auch Energie. Teilen Sie diesen Artikel mit ihnen, lassen Sie den Traum von einem besseren Leben für sie Wirklichkeit werden!
2020.08.26 16:41 viciouscabaretA year and a day, and moving on.
10+ year pagan STEMinist here. Current practice is more of a focus on mindfulness/meditation with a twist of influence from Hellenic deities. In my early intro pagan studies when I took a more mystical/spiritual approach to things, I came across the concept of “A year and a day.” I believe the context was that one would commit themselves to a year and a day of pagan study before formally dedicating themself to the craft (I did not do this because I was an impatient teenager). I’ve also heard of a sort of “prelude” to marriage where a couple would join for a year and a day, and after that period they would marry or go their separate ways. Citations needed, don’t have the spoons for that right now. I was recently reminded of “a year and a day” being a milestone for major decisions and change. There was someone very dear in my life who was one of my best friends. I considered them one of my soulmates. The morning of August 22, 2019 was the last time I saw them in-person. Since then we have had a major falling out and grieving that loss has been a long and arduous process for me. On some level I do still care about them and love them. A few months ago I had a dream where I watched them die and it really shook me. But that doesn’t make me feel any less used and deceived and discarded from past events. The morning of August 23, 2020 I lit a smudge stick and a candle, deleted the last few photos, and removed them from my social media. It feels like a total separation now. Normally I’m alright with keeping little mementos as a marker of where I’ve been and how I’ve grown, but this isn’t one of those times. One of my partners is approaching the year and a day mark from a major breakup with a girlfriend of over six years. There are a lot of parallels between our respective losses. He’s been inspired to mark the milestone similarly. We’re planning an evening with a fire and a really good bourbon barrel stout. Has anyone else here done something special to mark a year and a day of a milestone (happy or sad)? What little rituals have you done?
Build-Up to this Post [M] My claim’s gone through a burst of pretty big expansions recently, but this is the last large one: after this, my borders won’t change much.
The Northern Hellenes
As the Camdavos expanded north, they came into contact with the Kingdom of Myolkos, situated on the Pagasetic Gulf. The gulf provided a natural harbor for inbound merchant vessels, making Myolkos the recipient of a great deal of lucrative trade from both the Mediterranean to the south and the Black Sea to the north. Moreover, Myolkos’ position made it a necessary stop on the land route between Mdavos and the Quvaq. As such, its oligarchs had enriched themselves with foreign luxuries, and its farmers grew strange, blue crops unseen elsewhere in the Hellenic world. The inhabitants of Myolkos did not take kindly to Camdavos demands for tribute, as well as settlers from the south intruding on their lands. As such, the Kingdom closed and militarized their borders, refusing to pay tribute to the Camdavos or engage in any diplomacy. The First Warrior was outraged: this ban on entry blocked all land-based trade with the Quvaq and other northern Hellenes. It was only a matter of time before war broke out between Mdavos and the Myolkos. A massive naval confrontation broke out when Myolkos’ archers fired upon a Camdavos merchant galley that had entered their bay in order to take refuge from an ongoing storm. Though the trade vessel quickly turned and left the bay, fourteen sailors died due to enemy fire, as well as from being thrown overboard by violent waves after attempting to sail through the storm. This diplomatic incident was not forgiven, and the Camdavos war fleet sailed directly for the harbor of Myolkos several weeks later. The northerners were prepared. Knowing that an attack was inbound, the fleet of Myolkos blockaded the Pagasetic Gulf, creating a seemingly impenetrable wooden wall. The First Warrior was forced to think of a creative strategy to defeat his neighbors, and a creative strategy is precisely what he came up with. Lighting five of his own galleys on fire, he ordered slaves to ram them at full speed directly into the blockade. Due to the close proximity of the northerners' vessels, the fires quickly spread, even after the ships initially rammed sank from holes in their hulls. Though the five aforementioned galleys sank as well, fatal damage had been done: sailors and warriors alike leapt overboard, desperately fleeing the inferno engulfing their fleet, where they were shot down mid-swim by Camdavos archers. It was a decisive victory, one that allowed the Camdavos to besiege Myolkos both on land and by sea. The capital city soon fell, and the King of Myolkos was taken prisoner, paraded through the streets of Spathmon and pelted by onlookers with rotten vegetables. Myolkos crumbled, and its lucrative trade routes, cities, and natural harbors fell to the First Warrior to command. Over the subsequent decades, Camdavos settlers looking to break away from their families’ farms and find their fortunes elsewhere flocked to Myolkos. Many began cultivating andzraul themselves, and the foreign crop soon spread throughout Mdavos.
The Fate of Khirta
See build-up, linked above, for additional context and information. The death of Prince Mithnas sent shockwaves throughout Khirta. With the help of Mdavos, Mithnas had united his people after centuries of hardship. He had saved the palace-city of Khèrros from disrepair, and had revitalized the Cretan economy by exporting goods to all his neighbors. In short, he had single handedly brought about a renaissance of Cretan glory, but now that he was dead, his whole achievement was in jeopardy. Mithnas’ only son had died only two years before his father’s passing, poisoned by a vengeful slave. As such, there was no heir to the principality of Crete: no man to command its armies, no leader to fund its building projects, no ruler to direct its merchant fleet. Khirta was on the verge of devolving into pre-Mithnoan anarchy: an island of poor, squabbling towns and villages. This notion appalled the First Warrior and all the Camdavos. Khirta was one of Mdavos’ most loyal, powerful, and prosperous tributaries. Losing the steady tribute from Crete would irreparably damage the Camdavos treasury, at a time when wealth was all too necessary to fund conquest and build infrastructure across the ever-expanding Hellenic nation. Moreover, if Crete were allowed to slip from Camdavos control, it could be swallowed up by foreign powers: Duwaanchatya, Egypt, the Ionians, or unfriendly O’Manth factions. After having indirectly ruled over the island for the better part of a century, the Camdavos were all too aware of the wealth and power it would give to whomever controlled its cities. Did they really want to give up a commanding position with access to all harbors in the Eastern Mediterranean? Did they want to give up the manpower, income, and trade that came with having Khirta as their tributary? Of course not! As such, the First Warrior decided to pause his conquest of the mainland, and redirected his energies to Cretan shores. Before any foreign power could intervene, he sent fifteen galleys full of soldiers to Khèrros to restore order, claiming that it was within his rights as Khirta’s overlord to do so (despite there being no clause for such a right in the Treaty of the Acropolis). Several inland cities resisted the occupation, but their small rebelling forces, composed mostly of undisciplined mercenaries, were quickly dispersed. The First Warrior appointed the Commander of Spthamon, his most loyal subordinate, as the new Prince of Khirta: those who claimed that the transition of power was illegitimate were imprisoned or killed. The Camdavos knew of no source of legitimacy other than Athmo’s will. The Commander ruled with the same efficiency and severity that had characterized Mithnas’ own reign. He ensured that tribute was paid to Mdavos in a timely manner, that the Cretan merchant fleet’s transactions were accounted for, and that all local bureaucrats taxed appropriately, obeyed orders, and kept detailed records. Under his leadership, the Camdavos branch of the Guild of Scribes was expanded to take a prominent role in managing the insular administration. As time went on, Camdavos military rule over Khirta became the norm, and the troubles of the interregnum faded into a distant memory. The Cretan people grew accustomed to Imdavos rituals, traditions, and culture, and the Peloponnesian dialect of Kwèrawian soon became as widely spoken and understood as the Cretan dialect. Insular instability subsided, and Camdavos troops gradually left their occupying posts. Two decades later, Khirta peacefully entered the Hellenic Union of Mdavos, with its own Commander based in Khèrros, hand-picked by the First Warrior from the local nobility. The Treaty of the Acropolis was revisited to reflect the updated status of Khirta: no longer a tributary, but now an equal partner. The fate of the island was sealed, and now it too could participate in dictating the fate of the Hellenic world.
A new empire was rising on Mdavos’ doorstep. Ormos had long been a target of Camdavos raiders, due to its disorganized, weak, and unprotected nature. As such, when passing merchants en route to Duwaanchatya and would-be raiders noticed large armies protecting Ormos and its surrounding cities, they realized that something had drastically changed. A new power had gained a foothold in Anatolia. Sentiments among the Camdavos were mixed. Some were angry that these newcomers had deprived them of easy and lucrative raids, but others saw their entry into the Mediterranean world as an opportunity for commerce and a useful partnership. After all, these people were ethnic Hellenes, just like the Camdavos themselves! They spoke a similar language, and worshipped similar gods. In short, their culture and geographic location made them a natural ally and trading partner for Mdavos. The First Warrior belonged to this latter group. He did not want conflict abroad, especially at this trying time when Mdavos was fighting to conquer the mainland. As such, he dispatched a fleet of eight galleys carrying a delegation of merchants and diplomats to Ormos. Precious commodities, including fine wine, olive oil, painted pottery, jewelry, perfumes, and figs were all offered to the Ionians as gifts and proof of goodwill. The diplomats requested an audience with Despot Agamemnon, in order to formally introduce themselves and their ruler to the new lords of Ormos. They offered him a defensive Camdavos-Ionian alliance, as well as the promise of free, mutually beneficial trade. Moreover, should Agamemnon accept these offers, the Camdavos would refrain from ever raiding the coasts of Anatolia again.
The Zo'Lith O'Manthi
The “Zo'Lith,” or “Turtle” islanders were Mdavos’ closest neighbors (the island of Andros was only a few hours’ journey away from Euboea and the city-state of Amthèny). As such, the Turtle people soon adopted various elements of Camdavos culture: Hellenic garb, an acquired taste for wine, a fluency in the Kwèrawian language, and in a few, extreme cases, even worship of the Hellenic gods. The First Warrior was extremely pleased by these developments. Though Mdavos’ relationship with O’Manth had begun with the threat of war, it now looked as though at least one O’Manthi faction was open to peaceful trade and collaboration with the mainland. As such, the King of Mdavos dispatched an emissary to the Zo'Lith to propose and sign the “Treaty of Andros:” a treaty of alliance between Mdavos and the small O’Manthi faction, written on a scroll of papyrus in Kwèrawian (a choice symbolic of the Zo'Lith's Hellenization). The terms of the treaty proposed by the Camdavos were as follows: 1) Mdavos and the Zo'Lith shall come to each other’s financial and military aid if either should be attacked by their neighbors. 2) Mdavos and the Zo'Lith shall pay reduced harbor fees and tariffs in one another’s ports and marketplaces, so that trade shall flourish between them for centuries to come. 3) Mdavos will help the Zo'Lith build a small navy and fund their armies, to ensure the safety and prosperity of their islands. 4) The Zo'Lith shall not form any military alliances with other powers or peoples for the next two hundred years, to ensure that Mdavos-Zo'Lith collaboration is untarnished by external factors.
2020.08.06 02:55 Raging_TortoiseThe Freedom of the Waters
Invaders had arrived from the North.. They had attacked the weak islands of the Aegean, slaughtering and enslaving the tributaries of Mdavos that lived there. How… dare they? How dare barbaric heathens enslave faithful, civilized Hellenes, loyal subjects of the most powerful and advanced nation in Greece? Who did they think they were? And yet, despite this outrage, the First Warrior was forced to look the other way. The conquest of Greece and the subjugation of Crete were both far more pressing matters than the loss of a few admittedly very unproductive tributaries. The Aegean islands boasted few resources and little farmland, so the Camdavos cared little for their capture. However, the foreigners soon began to affect Camdavos affairs in a far more unacceptable way. As time went on, Camdavos merchants found themselves routinely being stopped by these strange island-dwellers while traveling north to trade with the Quvaq. They demanded tolls. For what? Simply passing through their waters? What made the waters theirs in the first place? Some merchants chose to turn back in order to avoid conflict, while others simply rowed past, often causing arguments and brawls. Eventually, these nuisances became too great and too numerous for the First Warrior to continue to ignore. Something had to be done about these Island People, and so, on a piece of Egyptian papyrus, he composed an ultimatum. It was sent to the O’Manth along with Hellenic translators, in order to facilitate communication. The ultimatum read as follows:
People of the Aegean Islands, This message comes from the First Warrior, the ruler of Mdavos. You have repeatedly tried to impose tolls on our galleys, as though you own these waters. Our position is this: the waters cannot be owned. They belong solely to Wos, and not any mortal. You murdered and enslaved our tributaries, and we watched in silence. But this is a step too far. Our merchants have not interfered in your lands. However, rest assured that our galleys are manned by fifty or more battle-hardened warriors each, and are armed with the very latest naval technology. Though we have never caused (nor wish to cause) you any harm, we most certainly will not hesitate to do so if you attempt to interfere in our trade again. Free trade is in your interest. Your islands produce little food. The few goods that you do produce, such as iron, Mdavos also has in abundance. You have much to gain and nothing to lose by trading with us. We would be happy to export grain and luxuries to your lands. So why do you seek to obstruct this very same commerce with unreasonable taxation? This letter is an ultimatum, People of the Aegean. Refrain from intercepting our vessels: accept our offer of friendship. If you do so, we shall be brothers in arms for centuries to come, despite our religious and cultural differences. However, if you do not stop harassing our peaceful merchants, the ships that we send to your islands will no longer be peaceful. If you refuse this proposal or harm the messengers that bear it, all-out war will be upon your lands. The vengeance of Mdavos will be decisive and swift. Let it be known as well that the Quvaq are also offended by your impediment of trade: they are allies of Mdavos. The same can be said for Cannum, another Camdavos trading partner. Both would join us in this fight: it is one you cannot win. May Dhepzis, Goddess of Reason, guide your judgement in this matter.
2020.07.25 21:11 StardustFromReinmuth[CLAIM] Naxian League
NAME: de jure Naxian League, colloquial Aegean League CAPITAL: de jure Naxos, de facto Athens LANGUAGES: de jure none, de facto recognised Greek, Turkish, Arabic. MAP FLAG Overview In the aftermath of the catastrophe, the highly centralised government of the Hellenic Republic collapsed. A country united by language and culture yet so divided by geography, connections between population centers around Greece were severed as governments and societies fell. Now not being able to rely upon anyone but themselves, cities and towns around Greece turned to self sufficiency. In spite of this, in dire strait, nationalist fervour ran strong. The Hellenes will overcome any hardship God throws at us! Most notably are the contributions of refugees across the Middle East in the rebuilding of the nation, contributing their part in creating a new Hellenic identity. Thanks to this, Greece have had a relatively good recovery, with a recent resurgence in the arts and philosophy. With flourishing ideas come flourishing trade, which formed the basis of the League of Corfu. A direct democracy founded on the basis of the arts, trade and humanity, the League of Corfu strive to one day unite the Hellenic people, and cultivate the beauties of the old world values in a more cynical new world. Government The Naxian League is a confederation of city states, with the League Senate and Treasury located in Naxos, though most of the policy decisions are made in Athens. A "federal" direct democracy, suffrage in the Naxian League extend to all adult members of society. Local Areopagus appoints the Archons who are the chief administrators of the cities, while local elections are also held to select the Senators who will sit on the League Senate for a 5 years term, with no term limits (but a 5 year break between every term). The Senate then vote for a council of 12 to the Prytaneis, which is the executive day-to-day show running council of the entire League, whom will remain in their post for 1 year terms, with the chairperson of the Prytaneis, the Hegemon serving as the League's Head of State. Politics The political scene of the Naxian League is very divided between city lines. While Athens is the most influential, its Anatolian former colony, Smyrna is on the rise and could potentially usurp it. This divide could be seen in the political alignment of the cities, as the Athenian aligned Western cities are the core base for the Republicans, who push for strong centralisation and government power, while the Eastern islands and Smyrna are the base of the Antonites (named after former Hegemon and founder of the League Antonios Stratotis) who push for the maintaining of the status quo. Foreign Policy The League has an openly friendly policy with any neighbouring nations who are not actively participating in human rights violations. This include Heavenly Jerusalem, Albania and the New Hellenic Republic. Trade is heavily encouraged and is the League's main focus, as the spreading of Hellenic culture and art is one of the main goals of the League. Always looking for new partners, the Prytaneis is currently under negotiations with over a dozen cities in line to join the league, as the Naxian League enters its most prosperous era since its foundings.
2020.07.01 14:21 TommyAtkins22456Where to worship?
I’ve recently (re)discovered Hellenism after about a decade of being non religious. I’m struggling a bit with how to preform rituals and prayers however. I’ve not told my partner (a-religious but protestant background) about my spiritual reawakening yet and I’m not sure if she’d understand/take it seriously. I understand and accept this as if is a big leap from my pervious a-religiousness and must seem utterly random and far fetched but it has confronted me with a problem. My issue is that I’ve got no private space where I can retreat to for any form of worship, especially at the moment. I can pray where ever and I get that but I feel it would be more respectful to the Gods to worship in a more regimented way using sacrifices, homeric hymns and possibly an altar. My question is as follows; is there any way to organize sacrifices without having a dedicated space for it, can I do it on the go/outside?
2020.06.12 04:06 FerretDionysusi hate it, but i'm considering converting back out of fear
for context, i'm still a teenager. i've been going to Catholic school all my life and while my parents aren't explicity Catholic, they didn't really do anything to stop me from picking up Catholic beliefs, to the point where i consider myself an ex-Catholic at this point. i left Catholicism after discovering that old pagan religions, particularly Hellenism, are still out there and that they just, idk, felt more right than Christianity. i found which gods i worship (Dionysus, Demeter, and Ersa) and i felt more comforted by Hellenism than i ever did in Catholicism. there was always just the knowledge that my gods were there for me i recently told my parents that i converted, and they, but moreso my mom, got upset. at one point my mom screamed at me while i was making an offering, then followed me to my room to yell at me, and she continually told me that i was going to suffer in hell forever and that she'd be eternally guilty for it while she was in heaven and did i really want to do that to her? all the screaming.. i don't know, broke me? and i said i'd convert back, though she didn't believe me i don't want to convert back, but i'm now at this point constantly scared. i'm getting desperate to hear from my gods, to hear from any gods. i've prayed to the Catholic god and told Him that i know i have nothing to offer Him but i don't want to make my mom upset. i keep wanting to go back simply out of fear. fear of going to hell, fear of making my mom feel grief over me for eternity. i'm losing sleep, my partner has been falling asleep with me on the phone which helps but i worry i've gotten dependent on that because i can't fall asleep without them, constantly plagued by thoughts of heaven and hell and the afterlife. i keep thinking, if God is a god of eternal, conditionless love, why would He hate me for being afraid, for being gay, for being trans, for, if He is the only god, being wrong about my religion? i try not to hate or speak bad about Him just in case, and i'm trying to be a good person. i don't want to go to hell. i'm just a kid, i shouldn't have to worry about all of eternity. i asked my mom this, the god of eternal love, and she said that it only applies when you're alive and that when you die you're judged and He becomes the god of eternal judgement and that's it, tortured forever. i want to ask some Catholics or Christians about this but i'm scared they'll just repeat that i'm going to hell sorry this got kind of rambly, i'm scared of her finding this and also i started crying. any advice, comfort, whatever, anything helps, i'm just scared to go through this alone
https://preview.redd.it/kkhj7agzz5251.png?width=875&format=png&auto=webp&s=f47007e7923d8f40d98e3ba7d08a31c3729a0bd3 Hello everyone, thank you for your continued interest and support. In the past two weeks, various tasks of TokenClub have been progressing steadily. The product development and community operation progress this week are as follows: 1. TokenClub Events 1)TokenClub & 499Block reached strategic cooperation in live broadcasting On May 28th, TokenClub and 499Block reached a strategic cooperation to jointly build a live broadcast ecosystem in the vertical field of blockchain. 2)520e events When 520 comes, TokenClub launches live interactive interaction. During the event, participate in interactive questions in the live broadcast room or forward the live poster to Twitter and the telegram group, and upload a screenshot to have the opportunity to extract 520, 1314 red envelope rewards https://preview.redd.it/apyee28406251.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=9c9798db931ad6611d6c258907120610ae11ff11 3)Text version of live content is abailable on Medium In order to better understand the live broadcast of TokenClub by overseas communities, we translated the live broadcast content into English and uploaded it to TokenClub’s Medium official account, so that the community’s small partners can view it. https://preview.redd.it/hhmu3pl506251.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=fae9d42dcdee9d079219d1ffe612fc573bad01e8 4)Preview: TokenClub’s self-media grandma is invited to participate in the golden financial theme live event From May 29th to June 4th, Golden Finance will hold a five-day live broadcast of the theme of “Finding Double Coins”. Grandpa Coin will express his views on June 3, welcome to pay attention. 2.TokenClub Live 1) Summary Recently, Binance Co-founder He Yi, TRON founder Sun Yuchen, Hobbit HBTC founder Ju Jianhua, OSL chairman Dave, BlockVC founding partner Xu Yingkai, Outlier Ventures founder amie Burke, Bitribe founder SKY, CryptoBriefing CEO Han Kao , Huarai Group / Vice President, Global Market and Business Leader Ciara, Guosheng Securities Blockchain Research Institute Sun Shuang, Tongtongtong Research Institute CEO Song Shuangjie, Jin Tiancheng Law Firm Senior Partner Yu Bingguang, Binance China Jiang Jinze, principal researcher of Blockchain Research Institute, Meng Yan, vice president of Digital Asset Research Institute, co-founder of Primitive Ventures & director of Coindesk advisory board-Dovey Wan, founding partner of Genesis Capital & co-founder of Kushen Wallet Ocean Liao Yangyang, Binance C2C-Kathy, Binance OTC-Coco, Binance Contract & Options-Justin, Binance VIP-Jennifer, Binance Broker-Jess, Binance Mining Pool-Denny, Harbin Institute of Technology Blockchain Research Executive Deputy Director Xu Zhifeng, dForce founder Yang Mindao, Mars Finance co-founder Shang Silin, Cobo & Yuchi co-founder Shenyu, well-known investor Xu Zhe, CasperLabs CEO Mrinal Manohar, CasperLabs co-founder Scott Walker, Chairman of Rock Tree Omer Ozden, Nova Club incubation team leader & Waterdrop Capital partner Zheng Yushan, Rolling Stone miner founder Alex Lam, BitUniverse coin founder Chen Yong, Odaily Planet Daily founder and CEO Mandy Wang Mengdie, Binance stablecoin BUSD project responsible Helen Tu and senior expert of TokenClub blockchain and cryptocurrency investment strategy-Zao Shen talks with you about blockchain things ~ On May 18, Block 101 Binance Key Account Manager Luna talked to Primitive Ventures co-founder, non-profit bitcoin development fund Hardcore Fund executive director, and Coindesk advisory board director-Dovey Wan, to understand “C and C How is the Goddess of Crypto Assets made? “Dovey Wan shared with us on asset allocation, investment judgment, entrepreneurship, DCEP, etc. https://preview.redd.it/0dsry36906251.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=a7f6f4b852547d2e43114f81a981f7aa6ea10f61 On May 19, Block 101 Yingge talked with Sun Zeyu, the founding partner of Genesis Capital and co-founder of Kushen Wallet, to share the theme of “Blockchain Investment Experience”. This investor, who is rated as “reliable” by insiders, recommends that novices try not to touch contracts, do not stay overnight even when making contracts, be alert to risks, refuse gambling, and rationally analyze investments. On May 20th, 499Block ’s two-year birthday carnival “Global Hot Chain, Keeping Together for Every Year” celebration was held in the TokenClub Live Room. The cross-border AMA Solitaire + popular day group anchor live video sharing, including Binance Co-founder He Yi, TRON founder Sun Yuchen, Hobbit HBTC founder Ju Jianhua, OSL chairman Dave, BlockVC founding partner Xu Yingkai, Outlier Ventures founder amie Burke, Bitribe founder SKY, CryptoBriefing CEO Han Kao, Huobi Group / Vice President Global Markets and Dozens of blockchain leaders from home and abroad, such as Ciara, the business leader, all appeared on the scene, and 499Block became a popular beauty angel group to help the interactive host. https://preview.redd.it/ga6ey51b06251.png?width=1280&format=png&auto=webp&s=d94cc1a03640538ec1e99443c8cbb7a5e77596de On May 20, Sun Shuang, senior researcher of Guosheng Securities Blockchain Research Institute, Song Shuangjie, Jin Tong, CEO of Tongzhengtong Research Institute were jointly invited by Lingang Xinyefang, Lingang Innovation Management School, and Binance China Blockchain Research Institute. Tian Bingguang Senior Partner Yu Bingguang, Binance China Blockchain Research Institute Chief Researcher Jiang Jinze, Vice President of Digital Assets Research Institute Meng Yan, and many experts talked about the “Critical Digital RMB DCEP” in the live broadcast, one A feast of intertwined thoughts is worth watching again! On May 21st, Ocean Liao Yangyang, the founder of Block 101 Seven Seven Dialogue Force Field, focused on the “big enlightenment era of digital assets”, Ocean shared with us his entrepreneurial experience, the first pot of gold, public chain, currency circle and Analysis of the current market. Regarding the future of Bitcoin, Ocean feels that he can work hard towards the direction of digital gold and become a substitute or supplement for gold. He is determined to see more, because the ceiling of the entire industry is very high, and he still cannot see its end point. The index level is rising, far from being over. On May 22, “In the name of the Pizza Festival, we came to a different live broadcast” Bringing Goods “”, which was organized by the girls in the 101-day group of the block: June 6, July 7, Sisi, Yingge, Qianjiangyue , Dialogue: Binance First Sister, Binance C2C-Kathy, Binance OTC-Coco, Binance Contract & Options-Justin, Binance VIP-Jennifer, Binance Broker-Jess, Binance Mining Pool-Denny. We have explained to us one by one about C2C, OTC, contract options, etc. If you are interested, please move to the live room. https://preview.redd.it/a9am0j5e06251.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=7f8d0e80492027a000d4e719ec727b56cc27d94f On May 22, Block 101 Sisi Dialogue Xu Zhifeng, executive deputy director of the Blockchain Research Center of Harbin Institute of Technology, shared the theme: “Strategy of Great Powers: Seizing New Highlands of Blockchain Technology”. He expressed his views on his own currency circle experience, entrepreneurship, blockchain technology, DECP, etc. Xu Zhifeng is very optimistic about the future development of blockchain. He said: “Ten years later, blockchain will become a very common industry. We are the Internet industry and have never changed.” On May 23, the old Chinese doctor Zao Shen from the coin circle went online ~ The theme of this issue: If you want to be short, you must be able to sing first, and if you want to be long, you must be patient. If the meal is not fragrant, the game is not good, and the happiness of the past has drifted into the distance, just because the daily reading is still a loss, and the head is hurt. Don’t panic, the old Chinese doctor Zao Shen of the currency circle will adopt the Trinity Interventional Therapy and precise care to regenerate life. Don’t move quickly to the live room to see what “therapy” is. On May 25, Block 101, July 7th conversation with dForce founder Yang Mindao, talked about “DeFi opportunities and challenges.” Yang Mindao believes that the four biggest benefits of DeFi are: programmability; non-custodial nature; non-licensing; composability. He believes that the current public chain market is seriously homogenized, and the most promising public chain is Ethereum. Ethereum is the best and largest in terms of developer group, ecology, and technological evolution, and can absorb the advantages of each public chain. At the same time, he is also extremely optimistic about DeFi, “DeFi application value is gradually verified, and the value of this type of token will gradually become more prominent.” On May 26th, Mars Finance co-founder Shang Silin Hardcore Dialogue Cobo & Yuchi co-founder Shenyu and well-known investor Xu Zhe. The trend of “financialization” in the digital asset industry is becoming more and more obvious, and the friends of miners need to master more and more skills. Unveiling the mystery of hedging for everyone. On May 26th, Nova Superstar Dialogue Phase 13 focused on the Silicon Valley star project CasperLabs, specially invited CasperLabs CEO Mrinal Manohar, CasperLabs co-founder Scott Walker, Rock Tree chairman Omer Ozden, and Nova Club incubation team leader Water Capital Partners Zheng Yushan, discuss CasperLbs together. On May 26, Block 101 Sisi talked with the founder of the Rolling Stone Miner, Alex Lam, and took us into the “post-worker life” of a PhD in finance. Alex shared the reasons for entering the coin circle, the first pot of gold, mining, pitted pits, investment experience and opportunities in the digital currency industry. Alex said: Bitcoin exceeds US $ 100,000, and it will be in the second half of next year or the year after. On May 27th, Block 101 Yingge talked with BitUniverse founder Chen Yong and shared the theme: “Who” needs grid trading. Chen Yong mainly introduced the currency trading tool of Bitcoin. In his view, grid trading has changed an investor’s concept-from stud into a batch of positions and positions. Regarding the price of Bitcoin, Chen Yong believes that the price of Bitcoin may reach one hundred thousand dollars around 2030. On May 28, Block 101 Binance Mining Pool Wu Di talked to Mandai Wang Mengdie, founder of Planet Daily Odaily, to learn more about the process of “media entrepreneurs marching into the blockchain from venture capital circles”. Mandy believes that the core competence in the media industry is high-quality original content, which is the most basic but difficult to stick to. The initial focus of entering the mixed media industry of the dragon and dragon is to focus and amplify value. On May 29th, Block 101 Qianjiangyue Dialogue Hellen Tu, the project leader of Binance Stablecoin BUSD project, talked with everyone about the stablecoin “Life and Death”, Hellen shared the stablecoin in detail, and published his own the opinion of. For details, please move to the live room. On May 30th, Zaoshen came to share the theme: Dongfeng blowing, bullets flying, unlimited chase? In this issue, Zao Shen shared with you the recent international financial situation and various major events in the United States in the past week, which extended to the impact on the currency circle and answered various questions about investment strategies. Friends who want to know more details can move to the live room of Zao Shen. 3.TokenClub operation data -Live data: 13 live broadcasts in the past two weeks, with over 800,000 views. TokenClub hosted a total of 870 live broadcasts with a total of 45.06 million views. -Binary trade data: In the past two weeks, guess the rise and fall to participate in a total of 1268 times, the amount of participation exceeded 2 million TCT. At present, it is guessed that the rise and fall function has participated in a total of 1.11 million times, with a cumulative participation amount of 498 million TCT. -Chat data: In the past two weeks, a total of 19271 messages have been generated. A total of 4.85 milliom messages have been launched since the function was launched. -Mini-game data: The mini-game has participated in a total of 4212 times in the past two weeks. A total of 1,66 million self-functions have been online. -Cut leeks game data together: Since the game was launched, the total number of user participation in the game was 962612 TCT total consumption was 6,27 million gift certificate total consumption was 15,95million and TCT mining output was 161496. -TokenClub KOL data: Over the past two weeks, the total reading volume of the BTCGrandpa article has been viewed by more than 300,000 people. -Social media data: At present, the number of Weibo official accounts is 18033 and the number of Twitter followers is 1332 and we have opened the official Medium account this week, welcome to follow. -Telegram official group data: In the past 2 weeks, there were 238 chats in the group, and the total number of Telegram official groups is currently 2906. -Medium data: Medium official account u/TokenClub has published 5 excellent articles, official announcements and updates are published in English, welcome to follow. 4.Communities 1)Overseas Community TokenClub held an event for forwarding Twitter and telegram group chats for overseas users. Bitcoin halved in less than two weeks, overseas users are more active in the telegram group, and some friends are more concerned about Binance Block 101 live broadcast, aggregation exchange, TCT usage and other issues, the administrator responded in time.On May 12th, when Bitcoin was halved, TokenClub organized a forwarding Twitter, telegram group chat prize event and participating in a live question asking interactive prize event for overseas users. There are many live broadcast events in the near future. The live broadcast poster information will be released to overseas users as soon as possible. The follow-up TokenClub will translate and broadcast high-quality live broadcast content to Twitter and Medium. Bitcoin halved, overseas users are more active in the telegram group, and some partners are more concerned about block 101 live broadcast, bitcoin future price trend, TCT usage and other issues, the administrator responded in time in the group. https://preview.redd.it/2nrknnyo06251.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=fb98b385c0caf7e65c7b3b2bb1edd782ec126905 2)Domestic community Sweet Orange Club Weekly News Last Friday, a holiday, the community opened the red envelope rain event, and brought a sincere gift to everyone while relaxing in the holiday. At the same time, it also sent the most sincere blessings to all mothers in the community on Mother’s Day. Thank you for your long-term support and help to the Orange Club community. Hundred-day scheduled investment event (Phase II) The fourth week of the second 100-day fixed investment plan held this week has been awarded, and everyone is still very active in this event. This week, the Bitcoin halving market was also opened in advance. The small partners participating in the fixed investment should now have a certain floating win, so we adopt the correct cycle investment strategy to believe that it can bring unexpected benefits to everyone. Sign in the lottery. On the evening of May 3rd and May 10th, TCT Fortune Free Academy carried out the 51st and 52nd week sign-in sweepstakes, and rewarded the small TCT partners who had always insisted on signing in. In these two sign-in sweepstakes, the lucky friends received 20–180TCT as a reward. In addition, during the lucky draw, the college friends also actively expressed their opinions on the topic of this year’s bull market. The Leek Paradise Community Conference will continue as usual every Sunday at 20:00. During the conference, members will discuss recent hot topics, including gifts and blessings for Mother ’s Day, and the halving of Bitcoin everyone is paying attention to. At the end, the friends in the group also showed a rare enthusiasm at the first sight. It seems that the market still affects the mood. The members routinely started a red envelope rain to cheer for the participating partners and encourage everyone to maintain patience and confidence. Of course, at the same time, we are encouraging ourselves to see the community meeting next week. Come on! TokenClub volunteer community, sign in red envelopes every day, as long as you sign in every day, you can get good benefits, friends join us quickly! In the past two weeks, the community has conducted active partners. Volunteer community: Change to the currency circle consultation and pass the analysis of Grandma Coin and Panda analysts, support TokenClub in action, and continue to vote for TCT. In the last month, we have worked hard to learn the rain god’s strategy. We have doubled the coins in our hands. The community WeChat group has recently injected fresh students. We look forward to more people joining! Volunteer community, will continue to work hard for TokenClub TCT has been listed on Binance、Okex、Gate.io、ZB-M、MXC、Biki、Coinex、BigOne、Coinbene、Cybex、SWFT、Loopring、Rootrex etc. TokenClub website: www.tokenclub.com Telegram：https://t.me/token\_club
2020.05.04 02:46 simonjedrewRip my "Overview of Stoicism" to shreds please :) (PART 1)
Hey all! I currently have this post on my website and I'd love to know what you think of my overview of Stoicism. I've tried to make it in such a way that people can understand it in the context of idea hierarchies. But I understand that this is a difficult task and so I'd appreciate any feedback. Thanks! ALSO: this is part one because I couldn't fit everything into one post. Look out for part two. <> < A BRIEF HISTORY OF STOICISM > "Man conquers the world by conquering himself." - Zeno of Citium THE ERA OF HELLENISM Stoicism began as one of the major schools of philosophy within the Hellenistic period in the mediterranean. For context, Hellenistic literally means “one who uses the Greek language”. This period is marked to have started around the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and some estimates suggest that it ended in 146 BC following the invasion of the Greek heartlands by Rome., But most people agree that this period officially ended in around 31 BC. During the Hellenistic period Greece gave rise to the first structures of Democracy and in places like Athens, where Stoicism began, the culture was bustling with new inventions and ideas. It was a cultural expansion unlike any other time in History, and we have that to thank for much of our western culture that we enjoy today. I have a great interview with Michael Tremblay where we discuss the ins and outs of the Hellenistic philosophies, but for now it’s important to know that this period in ancient Greece was marked by massive advancements and explorations into art, theatre, mathematics, sciences, music, literature and of course, philosophy, including schools of philosophy that you may have heard of like the Cynics, the Skeptics, the Epicureans, and of course, Stoicism, which all belonged to the “Hellenistic” tradition. ZENO & THE BIRTH OF STOICISM Zeno of Citium was by all accounts the official founder of the Stoic school of philosophy. The story goes that Zeno was a wealthy merchant who was shipwrecked while traveling to Athens with a load full of purple dye. This was very expensive cargo as this die was extracted painstakingly from sea snails, and it was seen as a symbol of luxury to use such a colour. As Donald Robertson puts it so eloquently, Zeno’s fortune came from and now returned to the sea. So now Zeno is stuck in Athens. And what does he do? Well the legend goes that Zeno did what any of us would have done; he traveled to the Oracle of Delphi to receive guidance from the God Apollo. There, the Oracle told him that he was to “dye himself with the colour, not of dead shellfish, but of dead men.” Zeno interpreted this to mean that he should learn from the great thinkers of the past, and he began at once to read about people like Socrates, which is very important to know as the Stoic philosophy is widely considered to be a derivative of the Socratic teachings, especially with his focus on virtue as the main good in life. And so the legend continues that as Zeno was reading about Socrates, he asked the bookseller, “tell me where I can find a man like this?”. Because Athens was a town full of thinkers and philosophers the bookseller pointed out the window at a man called Crates of Thebes, a famous Cynic philosopher. Zeno went on to study with Crates for a couple of decades before he started his own school of philosophy in around 300BC on the stairs of a painted porch in Athens called the Stoa Poikile, thus, "Stoicism" is created - a new philosophical guide to the good life. HOW DO WE KNOW ALL THIS? We really don’t have many writings from the early Greek Stoics, and it’s not until Stoicism makes its way to Rome that we really start to get some great literature to sink our teeth into. It is, however, important to note that between Greece and Rome there were many notable philosophers who lead the Stoic school and added to the teachings of Zeno, and although we don't have much from the philosophers themselves, we do have enough from historians, like Diogenes Laertius, to put some of the pieces together. Some of the ancient Stoic thinkers include Cleanthes, the second head of the Stoic school, Chrysippus, the third head, and people like Cato the Younger, who many people looked up to as one of the great Stoics. There were many other notable people who carried the ideas of Stoicism forward or who simply lived as examples of Stoic logic, but for now I'll simply point you to this post by Massimo Pigliucci which will help anyone looking for more detail around the lineage of Stoic thinkers. One very notable Stoic was Diogenes of Babylon who travelled to Rome in 155BC with other philosophers on a diplomatic tour to spread these Greek ideas to the Roman Empire, which brings us to the most important Stoics that we know today - the Roman Stoics. THE ROMAN STOICS SENECA THE YOUNGER Seneca the Younger was a roman statesman, play writer, investor and advisor to the emperor Nero. Seneca was a confusing fellow because in his writings we see a man who was deeply interested in philosophy and was trying to understand what was real and what wasn't. But his history tells us a story of a man that was also entrenched in scandal, especially seeing as Nero was one of the most tyrannical emperors of Rome and Seneca had such a close association. Regardless of his many imperfections, one cannot say that he didn’t wrestle with what it meant to live a good life, and that’s why he remains my personal favorite of all the Stoics we can learn from. He truly was a person who may have struggled to live in the way that he taught, and this makes him deeply human. His most popular writings are contained in a book called “Letters from a Stoic”, which is a collection of letters that he wrote to his friend Lucilius on life and how to live it. MUSONIUS RUFUS Musonius Rufus is the next of the core Roman philosophers who we can read from today. We don’t have much from Musonius, but what we do have can give us an insight into a man who was very interested not only in the deeper ideas of Stoicism, but also in the very practical day to day application of this philosophy (sometimes maybe too practical). For example, he would discuss the kind of career path a Stoic should choose, or he would even say that a man should not cut off his beard as it is his sign of being a man. Overall, Musonius' lectures are actually quite inspiring and have added to the Stoic cannon quite well. EPICTETUS Epictetus started his life as a slave. His name literally translates to “gained” or “acquired”. Later he was freed by his master, who saw intellectual potential in him, and he actually went on to study with Musonius Rufus. Epictetus is widely regarded to be one of the most important Stoic teachers because he taught such practical wisdom with logic and power - a combination seldom found but always well-received. What we have from Epictetus is a collection of discourses that were captured by a man called Arrian of Nicomedia who also compiled somewhat of a “best of Epictetus” called it the Enchiridion, or “Handbook”. This collection of ideas still stands today as one of the Stoic's primary resources. MARCUS AURELIUS Marcus Aurelius, influenced by Epictetus, was the last of what is considered to be the five good Roman emperors. He was groomed from a young age - along with his brother Lucius Verus - to be Emperor of Rome, but Marcus’s love of philosophy and understanding of Epictetus’s teachings led him to carrying out his duty as Emperor in as effective and ethical a way possible, unlike many who came before and after him. As emperor, he had ultimate power, and because of this we are able to see the true power of philosophy, and of Stoicism. As emperor he could have had absolutely anything he wanted. He could have snapped his fingers and summoned anything he liked, including the death of anyone he disliked. But he was a philosopher first, and an emperor second. He was dedicated to living by correct principles, and we can see this in his personal diary which we can read today called “Meditations”. This collection of thoughts from Marcus Aurelius shows us a man who was probably somewhat displeased with the fact that he was emperor. He constantly had people trying to manipulate him, deceive him, and likely kill him. He was faced with every possible temptation, and yet he made sure that the power that he had never went to his head, and that in itself is a near impossible task. A PHILOSOPHY FOUNDED IN DIFFICULTY This is a great time to point out that all of these Stoics who I’ve talked about lived lives of extremes. Zeno lost everything in his shipwreck, Seneca was very wealthy and influential but also experienced periods of exile, Epictetus was a slave and experienced exile as well, and Marcus Aurelius had ultimate power which required extreme discipline. This is a true testament to the fact that Stoicism is a philosophy that was born in adversity and shaped in the mountains and valleys of life. It’s a philosophy that can help us to be effective human beings at any time in our lives. Sometimes your life will challenge, and sometimes your life might be easy, but what Stoicism offers is a guide for how to deal with the highest highs and the lowest lows of life effectively. This is why Stoicism has been cited to have influenced people like Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, James Stockdale, John Steinbeck, JK Rowling, and Nelson Mandela, who is reported to have taken inspiration from the Stoics during his time in jail. And so here we are in the 2020s still being influenced by Stoicism in our society today and still trying to get to the bottom of just how useful and effective this philosophy can be. Today we look to people like Donald Robertson, Massimo Pigliucci, Gregory Sadler, John Sellars, Ryan Holiday, Kai Whiting, Nancy Sherman, Gregory Lopez, and many other excellent modern thinkers who are carrying Stoicism forward into a new era, and it's up to all of us to learn more about just how effective Stoicism can be as a way of life. Now let's take a look at what the philosophy teaches! < FALLING IN LOVE WITH PHILOSOPHY > "What can guide us? Only philosophy." - Marcus Aurelius At the core of Stoicism is an unwavering commitment to the discipline of philosophy. Epictetus taught that philosophy's purpose is to "illuminate the ways our soul has become infected by unsound beliefs, untrained tumultuous desires, and dubious life choices and preferences that are unworthy of us." In other words, if life is everest then philosophy is our sherpa. But seeing that philosophy is actually defined as "the love of wisdom", it stands to reason that the ultimate pursuit for Stoics is that of wisdom. And what exactly is wisdom? According to Massimo Pigliucci, the Stoics had a two part definition of Wisdom. It is "(i) knowledge of human and divine matters, and (ii) fitting expertise." The Stoics gave us a path to discovering the truth about matters human and divine, and to also achieving the kind of fitting expertise that would make us effective humans, and this is where I present what I believe are the three most powerful questions of Stoicism which align with the three core Stoic studies of physics, ethics and logic: PHYSICS: What is all of this that we're seeing and experiencing, and what is our place in it? ETHICS: Based on our answers to the previous question, how should we act? LOGIC: When thinking about our place in this universe and how we should act, how do we know if we're right? So as you can see, at the core of Stoicism is a deep desire to decode this very complex landscape that we seem to be moving through. The Stoics asked some of the most important questions of life, but they did so in a practical manner that could help the smartest and the simplest of people alike to live a better life. Because of this, Stoicism offers a low barrier-to-entry guide to understanding some of the most complex matters of life. But always remember that no matter how many questions we can answer about the universe and how we should live, we must always come back to philosophy, the love of wisdom, with an open heart and mind. This is what grounds us and shows us that no matter how far we push our reasoning capacity and our ability to explore, there is always more to find. There is always a new truth, a new idea, and a new concept to explore, and these truths and concepts are found in no single school of philosophy, religion or way of life. These truths are found everywhere if we look. As Seneca said, “there has yet to be a monopoly of truth, and there is plenty of it left for future generations too.” So keep on learning and exploring. This is the start of the Stoic way, and In the same way that the grindstone sharpens the axe and makes it easier for the axeman to fell the tree, the love of philosophy is the process that sharpens your mind so that you can face the storms of life with a better traveling partner - a partner who always gives and never asks anything in return. < THE DESTINATION: A FLOURISHING LIFE IN ACCORDANCE WITH NATURE > "If a man knows not to which port he sails, no wind is favorable." - Seneca EUDAEMONIA AND OUR PLACE IN THE COSMOS After falling in love with philosophy and learning from great thinkers Zeno of Citium came to the conclusion that the ultimate goal of life was to align with nature, which would lead to "eudaemonia" - a latin term roughly translated to "flourishing". And what exactly does it mean to be in alignment with nature? Well, it's an idea that has many interpretations, but here's mine: In order to understand the idea of finding alignment with nature I want you to consider the lion. We, as observing and thinking humans, look at the lion and study his place within his ecosystem. We're captivated by the lion. His teeth, his mane, his strength, and his courage. But although we like to study the lion, it would be far out to think that the lion is as perplexed about his place in the universe as we are. See, the lion doesn't think very much about what he should do or how he should do it. He simply knows! As far as we can tell, he doesn't ever struggle with his morning routine, he doesn't sit for hours philosophising about how he should live his life, and he doesn't question what everything around him is or what it all means. And not only this, but there are certain things that, if we saw the lion do, would make us consider the lion to be sick. For example, should the lion all of a sudden become a vegetarian we would surely consider him to be ill, or out of alignment with his nature as a lion. We would know this because his whole body is a reflection of his unique place in the ecosystem. He's strong, he's agile, he has big teeth and bigger claws. So how could a creature like this not be sick if he were to not eat meat? He is perfectly formed to hunt and eat meat, as far as we can tell. And by now you're wondering what all of this has to do with the Stoic idea of aligning with nature. The point is that the Lion has a place in the ecosystem just as much as the tree has a place, and the elements in the ground, and the birds, and the ocean, and the clouds, and the rain and the sun and the stars. They all have unique and important roles to play in the infinite scheme of the cosmos. So if all of these things have their own place in what happens, then doesn't it make sense that maybe there are skills (or virtues) that we possess that make us uniquely human and that, if nourished, would allow us to simply and effectively integrate ourselves within the cosmos right down to our own smaller ecosystems? And on top of this, wouldn't there also be decisions that we could make that would seem to take us out of alignment with our nature as human beings, and therefore would label us as ill human beings just as the vegetarian lion is sick lion? But this idea of aligning with nature doesn't simply apply to how we as a humanity and one species should act, but it also applies to how you as an individual should direct your life. I'm sure you've had moments in your life when you felt a certain pull towards one direction, or maybe you've felt inspired to chase a certain goal that would be meaningful to you. You might be naturally talented at a sport, or even as a mathematician or a public speaker. Whatever your skill or whatever you're drawn to, the correct Stoic approach in my opinion would be to align with that individual nature by pursuing it to the best of your abilities. As you do this you'll find that you can learn faster because you'll enjoy what you're learning, and you'll be manifesting a part of yourself that only you can bring to the tribe of humanity. Epictetus brought a unique perspective on a life in alignment with nature by teaching what we now call his role ethics. This was his suggestion that we, as human beings, tend to find ourselves in certain roles in our family, community and personal lives, and that if we could fulfil those roles to the best of our abilities then we would be doing society and ourselves a great service. This is an idea that has the potential to face harsh scrutiny seeing as we now live in a society where we have more choice than ever to choose what we do and what roles we play, however I believe that Epictetus’s role ethics can be best interpreted to mean that whatever we do, we should do it to the very best of our ability. This, if anything, is a sign of a healthy human, and as long as we aim at the good (see the next section), then doing our very best at whatever we do simply must be in alignment with nature. After all, it would seem that everything else in the cosmos strives to its highest potential, right? Trees are a great example. They don’t grow and then stop when they’re tired. As long as there is sun, water and nutrients the tree will grow to exactly how big it can grow. So if you’re a father, a mother, a son, a daughter, a teacher, a student, a CEO or a clerk, do your best. And one final interpretation of the idea of alignment with nature might be best reframed as aligning with irrefutable truths of the world, or things that cannot be otherwise. The Stoics taught, as you'll see soon, that there are things that are in our control and things that are outside our control, and they suggested that if we were to focus only on what is ours to control and to forget about the rest then we could achieve "inner tranquility and outer effectiveness." The things that are in our control are simply our own reactions to events and our rational thinking capacity, but everything else is ultimately outside our control, seeing as we have no immediate power over the world around us. The forces of nature and the world around us are simply doing their thing, so it’s best to align yourself with these things that cannot be otherwise so that you can focus on what can be otherwise - yourself. These are the types of questions, in my interpretation, that the Stoics tried to answer about life. What is all of this that we see? What's our place in it? How could we act as effectively as possible? How would we know if this is the correct line of thinking? They used logic and reason to make headway on these questions and discovered that we, as humans, might also have a code that would act as a guide to a flourishing life in alignment with the ecosystem we're born into - the cosmos. And now that we have the broader picture of what our aim is, read on to see what I view as the way to the attainment of that aim. < THE WAY: A LIFE OF VIRTUE > "Freedom is the name of virtue: Slavery, of vice…. None is a slave whose acts are free." - Epictetus THE FOUR CARDINAL VIRTUES: YOUR INTERNAL COMPASS Whether you believe in the conscience or not, we all have moments in our lives when we feel that what we're about to do would be either right or wrong, good or bad. Many of us don't bother to listen to this mysterious guidance, but we can all recognise that it's there and we know that it can be quite loud at times. Socrates, who influenced the Stoic school heavily, spoke about this internal compass. He spoke of it as his own "internal oracle". It was a voice that guided him to do only what he considered to be good and right. Later scholars and philosophers have agreed that what he saw as an internal oracle was not unique to him, but was what we consider to be the conscience. The difference is that he actually listened. On closer inspection of our own conscience we can see that in moments of intervention we're often being "guided" to be more courageous, to treat our fellow human beings better, to be more disciplined, to stop being weak and arrogant, or to get better information so that we can make more rational decisions. The Stoics seem to have decoded this conscience, and this is where I present what the Stoics called the four cardinal virtues. Embodying these four powerful virtues, the Stoics taught, would lead you to a flourishing life in alignment with nature: COURAGE: Strength in face of adversity, bravery in times of turmoil, courage to live by correct principles, courage to love and to trust. TEMPERANCE: Moderation in consumption, discipline in endeavours, calm in the storms of life, not picking one side or another. JUSTICE: Correct judgement, understanding of what's right and wrong, understanding of what's good and what's bad, harmony with the human race, to love people. WISDOM: Sound knowledge, constant education, love of philosophy, desire for correct information leading to correct judgement, rationality. Can you see how pretty much any situation in your life could be benefited by turning up the dial on any one of these four virtues? This is what the Stoics thought. In fact Marcus Aurelius said that "if you find anything better than that (virtues), embrace it without reservations - it must be an extraordinary thing indeed." So this is our internal compass. These are the virtues that can make us happy, healthy and flourishing human beings in alignment with nature. It is through the embodiment of these virtues in everything that we do that we can come closer each day to fulfilling our ultimate potential as human beings. < THE GOOD, THE BAD & THE INDIFFERENT > "Learn to be indifferent to what makes no difference." - Marcus Aurelius UNDERSTANDING WHAT'S IMPORTANT By now we know that we have a destination (flourishing in alignment with nature), we have the way (a life of virtue) and we understand that we must fall in love with philosophy in order to ground our understanding in sound reasoning and education. But there's one more element that we need to know before we delve into some of the more specific and actionable tools and tactics of Stoicism. What we still need to know is what's important, what's not, and what doesn't matter either way. The Stoics thought about this question and they taught a clear guide to the things that should be important to us and the things that simply don’t matter either way. THE GOOD According to Stoics, the only real good is virtue, and therefore the four cardinal virtues are the gold standard for what we should aim at and what is important. Virtue should be our supreme aim seeing as virtue is the only good. And not only that, but a life of virtue is a life that leads to mental and physical health. It's a literal preventative cure for an unnatural and unhealthy life. But some can misinterpret this and become bothered that “good” doesn’t encompass things like love, family, friendship, financial security, art, and other things that we might consider to be good. But what the Stoics really were trying to do was to look at what the absolute bare essentials were. Sure a friendship could be great, but it can also turn sour. Financial security could be nice, but we really can’t rely on it to bring us happiness, and even then there’s nothing inherently good about a few numbers on a bank balance. Courage, temperance, justice and wisdom will always be good, and there is nothing and no one who wouldn’t be better off after a strong dose of these virtues. In fact, everything that you currently consider to be good would actually be enhanced by the embodiment of these virtues into your own character.So focus on what will make your mind healthy and well, and everything will flow from that effort. THE BAD Just as the mountain implies the valley, so too must there be bad as well as good. But what is bad? Stoics define "bad" as anything that is not virtuous, and the simple way that we can decipher this is to look at the opposites of the four cardinal virtues. So in place of courage, which is good, we could say that cowardice is bad. This could mean shirking your duties, letting your fears rule you, not living up to your best principles or doing wrong because you were too afraid to do right. In place of temperance, which is good, we could say that excess is bad. Things like lust, gluttony, lack of discipline, or over-emotive responses would be examples of this. In place of justice, which is good, we could say that injustice is bad. This means being unfair, treating people with disrespect, having incorrect judgements about right and wrong, or acting immorally. And finally, in place of wisdom, which is good, we could say that ignorance is bad. This would mean choosing to be blind to the facts, living against our better judgement, or not taking personal education seriously. Can you see how all of these things, if integrated into your life, would be bad for you? And can you see how if you were to live with cowardice, excess, injustice and ignorance you would become a sick human being in the same way that a vegetarian lion would be sick? It would be out of alignment with our nature as humans, and this is why we must move towards the good (virtue) and move away from the bad (vice). But what about the rest? THE INDIFFERENT The things that are indifferent are everything that exists outside of virtue and vice. Virtue is good, so we should aim at virtue, and vice is bad, so we should avoid vice, but everything else should be accepted gracefully if it comes and not missed if it doesn't. This is a hard concept for some people to wrap their heads around, but I’ll do my best to explain. Things like money, nice cars, big homes, prestige, fame, and a lavish lifestyle are all indifferents because they really don't make a big difference in our overall satisfaction unless we allow them to. And this is the key - if you place a high level of importance on these things then they will rule your life and make you happy or unhappy, depending on whether you have them or not. But if you understand, as the Stoics did, that you don't have to be a slave to these foreign desires, then you can flow through life making the most of things as they happen. If you get money, great! If you don't, brilliant! It doesn't matter either way, but what really matters is living virtuously. And one important point to make here is that the Stoics never said that we should desire to not have these nice things in life. In fact, things like money or a nice home are referred to by Stoics as "preferred indifferents". This simply means that if we have the chance, we would prefer to have them. But even though we prefer to have them we understand that having them will not bring us closer to peace of mind or a true flourishing life. When you understand that things external to your own mind really only make as much difference as you allow them to, then you're freed to focus on what's truly good, to avoid what's truly bad, and to be happy with and enjoy whatever is served on your plate in the banquet of life.
2020.04.12 12:37 ChosenUndead97The Lion and the future
«Mortifica il mio animo il vedere che un secolo solo dopo quell'importante epoca, siano VV.EE. ridotte a pensare alla difesa del solo estuario, senza pensare di rivolgere il pensiero neppur una linea fuori dal medesimo. Ma se serve continueremo a combattere per la Serenissima e per San Marco!» These were the words of Giacomo Nani, Provveditore general to the Dogado in the year 1790 after inspecting the defenses of the city of Venice, considering them inadequate to defend it from external threats, but the perpetual neutrality of the Serenissima over the years made the Venetians forget the memories of the war of the League of Cambrai of 1508, where Venice found itself surrounded and besieged by four foreign armies and only thanks to the providence of God and the tenacity of the Venetians did the Republic manage to resist and win the war, albeit by renouncing further expansions to the mainland. Since the events of the Storming of the Bastille in 1789 Venice has kept Paris and France under constant surveillance, thanks to an intrinsic network of spies, ambassadors and French nobles who took refuge in Venice and since the same year the Doge Ludovico Manin did everything to ensure the safety of the Republic and of it’s citizens, modernization of the army and navy began with reforms based on the English model after a stay in London by Angelo Emo, admiral of the Venetian Navy and Francesco Pesaro, Venetian ambassador in London and later Ducal Councilor. In the following years the Venetian Army took part in an impressive series of military reforms and the use of new military tactics and a reform of the training of recruits, on the creation of special units such as the Schiavoni Veloci used as assault troops and the Navy was also involved in a series of reforms with a modernization of equipment and an opening of the ranks as an officer for those who are not aristocrats, at the same time increasing spending on the military defense of the Republic and the armed forces. In 1793 with the capitulation and subsequent execution of Louis XVI they threw the Republic into an even more defensive and paranoid state than before, the Kingdom of Sardinia was already fighting the French and the Doge knew that it was only a matter of time before they arrived in Venice, but with the appointment of a certain Napoleon Bonaparte as General of the Army of Italy he changed the cards on the table for the French Republic, winning at Voltri in 1796 and in subsequent battles such as those of Lodi and Fombio, occupying Lombardy undisturbed. The Doge with the news of the capitulation of Piedmont and the request of General Kerpen to pass through the territories of Venetian Lombardy, in the next few days the Treaty of Vienna is signed in secret, initialed between the Holy Roman Empire and the Republic of Venice on creation of an alliance between the two states and the entry of Venice into the anti-French Coalition, accepting requests to station Austrian troops in the garrisons of Brescia, Bergamo and Verona to stop the French advance, the first baptism of fire for the new Venetian Army took place in Castiglione when a battalion of the Anafesto Regiment took it part, the battle was lost by the Austrians and the Venetians but also demonstrated the efficiency of the previous reforms. Venetian Lombardy resisted until March before being occupied by the French and Italian revolutionaries. In April 1797 the French troops besieged Verona and advanced rapidly towards Treviso, the Siege of Verona ended towards the last days of March with the capitulation of the Venetian stronghold and the retreat of the surviving wards in Treviso and Padua, days after the Veronese and the ex-Venetian troops, tired of the French repression, began the Pasque Veronesi, which lasted from 17 to 25 April, while Venice was still spared from the war but French ships were ever closer to the port, Le Libérateur d'Italie was sunk by the coastal fortresses of Venice after refusing it to leave the port and the Doge from that moment ordered greater naval activity against the French, in mid-May also Pordenone and Udine will end up under French occupation without even firing a shot. After an emergency session of the Major Council, the vote was taken to move and evacuate the government in the Stati de Mar, under the suggestion of Francesco Pesaro the Doge follows the council and on the same day British and Venetian warships leave Venice for Prevesa, considered a safe haven given the location and good defenses, before departure the Doge Manin gave a speech on the events and fate of the republic, stating that even if defeated and occupied with the help of God and San Marco, the Serenissima will return in Venice, the cradle of the Republic. After the transfer of the government from Venice to Prevesa the Doge made a commitment to secure the remaining domains of the Republic of Venice, thanks to the English support the local economy did not stop and in the following months a free trade treaty was also signed between the two countries, and the fight against Napoleon even if limited did not stop, thanks to the imposing Venetian Navy and the desire to return to Venice, in 1801 the government decided to move the capital to Zara, considered quite safe and modernized with the construction of new forts to protect it from French ships, the local population will continue to support the government of Venice during this period of exile. In 1798 the French besiege Malta and after the capitulation of the Knights it is integrated into France, but the Maltese together with the surviving Knights resist the French by mitigating a guerrilla war, while an Anglo-Venetian fleet lands in Valletta to besiege the French entrenched, Gozo was freed by the Fanti de Mar and Royal Marines on October 28 of the same year, the Venetian troops with the British continued to besiege the French until their surrender in September 1800, until the end of hostilities on the island remained a contingent of the Venetian Navy as support for the British. During the Egyptian Campaign, the Serenissima continued to launch naval operations against France to interrupt the French supply lines in Egypt and to cause as much damage as possible to the enemy military actions, in 1799 a French Bombardo fleet and occupied the island of Paxò together at the bombing of Prevesa and Corfù, the Venetians, thanks to the adequate defenses and the presence of Russian ships, managed to get the fleet away from the Ionian Islands in a couple of days. The Venetian Republic also from the same year allowed the British to create a temporary base in Vonizza for the duration of the conflict. Ludovico Manin will not be able to see Venice freed like many of his fellow citizens, who died of a heart attack 24 October 1802 in Zara in the Palazzo dei Vescovi, seat of government since 1801. Only with his death was the Senate and other offices restored, a Senate was created composed of the main patrician families both Italian, Greek and Slave, reaching 250 seats, Francesco Pesaro was elected with an absolute majority, ex-ducal councilor of Manin as new Doge of the Republic of Venice. During the rest of the Napoleonic Wars the Serenissima did not participate in any land campaign but with their navy they helped the British to maintain a stronghold in the Mediterranean, in 1807 a Venetian squadron took part in the Anglo-Portuguese fleet to escort John IV and the rest of the court in Brazil, together with a thousand civilians, and since 1808 with the retreat to Cadiz of the Spanish Cortes, a Venetian battalion will protect the city together with the British until the end of the war. In 1813, after a series of protests by the minorities of the Republic and the adoption of the constitution in Spain and Sicily a year earlier, the Republic of Venice also adopted a new constitution, taking inspiration from the US and Neapolitan Constitutions of 1799, the new the form of government will be the Unitarian parliamentary one, with a Curia composed of an Arengo elected by limited male suffrage and a Senate of ducal nomination and accessible only to noble families or to the high offices of the state, moreover the Doge has the power to appoint the Consul of the Council, which presides over the government formed by him and must be accepted by the Curia in joint session. The old administrative divisions are abolished in favor of the institution of the Provinces, the only territorial body together with the Municipalities and the Dogado which enjoys wide autonomy. With the defeat of Napoleon during the Russian Campaign and his retreat from Moscow, the Venetian government with the English and Austrian help invaded Istria, freeing it in January 1813 and at the beginning of April the whole Venetian part of the Serenissima was liberated, the Doge Francesco Pesaro will give a long speech from the balcony of the Palazzo Ducale to the Venetians and their determination to resist the French yoke, also praising Manin's firm hand and work in the darkest hours of the Republic and within two weeks also Bergamo and Brescia are freed, the Venetian Army will be part of the Sixth Coalition where it will defeat the French on the Mincio and freeing Milan and Turin together with the Sardinian-Austrians, will also send naval teams to Liguria to occupy Genoa and Nice with the help of the Sardinians. The Republic of Venice participates in the Congress of Vienna as a winning nation together with the United Kingdom, the Austrian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire and other minor states such as the Kingdom of Sardinia or the Papal State; Doge Pesaro and the Plenipotentiary Minister in Vienna Antonio Primo Capello conducted negotiations for the Serenissima Republic and signed the Congress treaty after its end. From the Congress after long hours of negotiations on the transfer of Venetian Lombardy to the Austrians, a compromise is reached, the territories of Bergamo and Brescia will become part of the new Lombard-Emilian Kingdom and in exchange the Republic will receive Mantua, the Ferrara area and the Republic of Ragusa and Poglizza, in addition to compensation in cash by the Austrians. With the end of the Napoleonic Wars and the subsequent Restoration in the political scene the Republic saw the beginning of a period of limited democratization with the first political elections after the restoration in 1818, which saw the victory of the liberals and the middle class, supported by the nobility Venetians, but with a large opposition formed by democratic forces and progressives, representative groups of the Venetian proletariat and ethnic minorities also took part in this deployment. New reforms were subsequently introduced, such as the adoption of the Venetian Civil Code of 1821 and the modification of the Doge's office, abolishing the term of office in favor of a 10-year term and the opening to non-nobles of being appointed Doge. In the following years the Republic of Venice saw a slow but constant economic recovery thanks to the acquisition of new possessions in the Mediterranean and the appearance of the first industries of the Italian Peninsula, concentrated mainly in the cities of Verona and Treviso, but also with the creation of shipyards in Ragusa, Preveza and Spalato, adopting a free trade policy in international trade such as the United Kingdom and also the adoption of a new flag made up of red and yellow bands with a blue canton on the top left with the Winged Lion above holding a Bible and six arrows. Important public works were also started such as the creation of a railway bridge between Venice and the mainland in 1846 and with the creation of the first railway networks of the Republic with Mantua-Venice, passing through Verona, Vicenza and Padua, which began in 1834 and completed in 1846, besides the creation of railway networks the government undertook to create also public infrastructures such as schools, aqueducts, sewers and hospitals in the main cities. While Italy between 1820 and 1831 went through a period of turmoil and riots the Venetian Republic together with the Grand Duchy of Tuscany had no such problems and Venice became a refuge for many Italian patriots such as Giovanni Mazzini, Santorre di Santa Rosa, Silvio Pellico and other exiles forced to move to the Republic, causing diplomatic wrath not only in Sardinia but also in the Austrian Empire which saw Veneto as a hideout for Carbonari, the government had to submit to Vienna's requests and increase public safety, even if it was done in a formal way. In 1823 Giovanni Capodistria, count and noble of Corfùùwas appointed as head of the government, during the years of the Napoleonic wars he was director of the Corfu Hospital and in 1813 he was a supporter of the Corfu uprisings for the ratification of a democratic constitution, he was later appointed Senator by the Doge and remained there until 1823 when he was given the post of Consul and to form a government; Koper is considered one of the greatest Venetian politicians of the era thanks to his firmness and to both liberal and conservative ideas, one of his first acts was the financing and supply of equipment to the Greek rebels during the Greek War of Independence, this will also cause an influx of Venetian volunteers into the ranks of the revolutionaries, attracting the ire of the Ottoman Empire which declared war on the Serenissima in 1825, the Venetian Navy then began to actively support the Greeks with the bombing of the main ports of Greece and Egypt when it comes to the field to help the Empire. Meanwhile Prevesa and Vonizza were besieged by the Ottoman Army. Also in the same year, the Venetian actions and the even more recent Russian actions to send naval squadrons to the Mediterranean also led London and Paris to take sides alongside Venice and Saint Petersburg, in 1827 off the coast of Navarino coalition forces defeated the fleet Turkish-Egyptian and incited by the Cretan revolts the island is invaded by the Venetian forces with the help of the rioters, fleeing the Ottoman forces on the island and besieging the cities of Chania and Candia, while in Morea the Venetian Marina gave support to the French in their invasion of the Peloponnese, the war ended with the Treaty of Adrianople between the winning powers and the Ottoman Empire, the Venetian conquest on Crete was also recognized but only at the condition that the government had put a brake on local brigandage and piracy, in exchange he had to sell the islands of Cerigo, Cerigotto, Pori and Chitra to the United Kingdom, which would become a British colony from the following year. Greece became a parliamentary republic with a model identical to that of Veneto, and was recognized as an independent nation with the London Protocol of 1832, where Greek neutrality in conflicts and independence was declared, its first president was Theodoros Kolokotronis and as head of government Alexandros Mavrokordatos, the Hellenic Republic became already from the following year an ally of Venice and an important commercial partner of the Republic. Giovanni Capodistria remained Consul of the Council until 1842, the year of his resignation from political life and where he returned to his native Corfù and died there at the age of 87, after the London Protocol Capodistria became a public figure in the political scene of the Republic and acclaimed by his fellow citizens and by the Greeks as the first who answered the call of the Hellenes, during the rest of his peaceful mandate the island of Crete and began a policy of Italianization and Hellenization of Crete with the reopening of the Orthodox and Christian religious sites, many Turks emigrated from the island to return to the Ottoman Empire due to discrimination by Venetians and Cretans. After the resignation of Capodistria in 1842 Giovanni F. Avesani was appointed as new Consul, well-known lawyer and noble Veronese until 1848 when he was forced to resign after numerous revolts that broke out first in Venice and then throughout the rest of the Republic with requests for a greater democratization of the Constitution and the change of government, Doge Giovanni Correr also resigns and Giambattista Varè will be elected as new Doge in his place, with his subsequent election the titles of officers to Presidents of the Republic and President of the Council are also changed of Ministers as well as the National Parliament divided into the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Numerous democratic reforms are launched such as the introduction of universal male suffrage and freedom of worship. Riots and revolts also occur in other areas of Italy; in Palermo the Kingdom is proclaimed after the expulsion of the Bourbons from the island, in Naples the people invoke the constitution, in Rome Pius XI proclaims the statute and in Turin the King Carlo Alberto proclaims the Albertine statute. On March 18 the Five Days of Milan break out and a providential government is established and both Gabrio Casati and Carlo Cattaneo to the formation of the Provisional Government of Milan send letters with requests to the annexation of the Venetian Republic, but without their knowledge since mid-February the Army Veneto was mobilized and from March 1 is stationed in Verona and Mantua ready to act and on March 20 the Army Veneto invades the Mincio and aims at the cities of Bergamo and Brescia but sends Schiavoni columns on Milan to occupy it before the Piedmontese and there arrive on March 24, the GPM and the Veneto Government give the directives for the establishment of a plebiscite in Lombardy to join it with the Republic and Carlo Cattaneo is appointed General of the Milanese Civic Guard. The Kingdom of Sardinia on March 25 begins the advance towards Milan but passes from the south to Parma to occupy Emilia and subsequently crosses the Po but is blocked by the Veneto Army which had already occupied the old Austrian positions, the Piedmontese protest but for the moment Carlo Alberto decides to stop to consolidate the conquest and the Austrian Empire declares war on both the Venetian Republic and the Kingdom of Sardinia, the other Italian states also send aid to patriots such as the Pontifical troops of General Giovanni Durando which are sent in support of the Venetian Republic and which are sent to Udine to stop a possible Austrian invasion, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany will send a contingent of regular and voluntary troops commanded by Ulisse of Arco Ferrari to Milan to support the Provisional government, the same did King Ferdinand II who sent an army corps under General Guglielmo Pepe. Already in May there was an Austrian counterattack on Udine and the subsequent siege with the attempt to penetrate the Veneto but failed thanks to the Pontifical reinforcements, the Austrian Army did not send reinforcements until 1849 after subduing the various revolts in the Empire. But within a few months all the sovereigns who had sent troops began to call them back to avoid being involved in the revolutions and in a possible war on Austria, the Papal troops disobeyed en masse and put themselves at the service of the Veneto Army, the same will be done by the university battalions and the Tuscan volunteers and by the Duosiciliano contingent only Guglielmo Pepe and the learned weapons will remain in Veneto to support the Republic and in the meantime all the sovereigns except Carlo Alberto begin to repeal the recent constitutions, causing even more riots and this cause the escape of Leopoldo II and Francesco V from Florence and Modena respectively, provisional governments are proclaimed both in Tuscany and Modena and Venetian emissaries are sent to start the plebiscites of annexation to the Veneto, in Rome instead the situation is even more dramatic after the killing of Pellegrino Rossi on November 15 in Rome and the next day also Pope Pius XI flees to Gaeta. Tuscany under Francesco Guerrazzi immediately proclaims the annexation to Veneto and Modena only when the war ends and with a plebiscite, instead in Rome the Roman Republic is proclaimed under the triumvirate of Mazzini, Saffi and Armellini; Mazzini knows that he can count on the Veneto support that already in the previous months had sent spies to foment the riots in Tuscany, Modena and in the Papal States and on the declaration of the Roman Republic the Veneto will send supplies and Austrian war material to the Romans as well as emissaries to start negotiations for the annexation of Rome. In February of 48 in France the Second Republic was proclaimed after the expulsion of Louis Philippe from Paris, the government of Venice recognized immediately the sovereignty of the new state and began negotiations to create an alliance between the two republics, in May it was created a secret agreement between the two states on the Kingdom of Sardinia; if Piedmont had attacked Veneto, France would have intervened alongside it and in case of victory the region of Savoy would be given to France and the independence of the Pope and the interaction of the Papal States were guaranteed. In December Lombardy together with Modena and Bologna are officially annexed to the Venetian Republic, causing the euphemism of the civilian population and officially ending the Provisional Government of Milan, Gabrio Casati is appointed governor of the Province of Lombardy on the same day, while Carlo Cattaneo is promoted officer of the Venetian Army and sent to Rome to help the defenses together with Giuseppe Garibaldi, already in the service of Venice since the summer where he was sent with the "Hunters of the Alps" to the Bergamasco to stop a possible Austrian invasion from Tyrol. The annexation of Lombardy generates a series of dismay and criticism about Carlo Alberto and the already bad Piedmontese adventure, where many officers and aristocrats harshly criticize the choices of Piedmont during the war, but many others together with Carlo Alberto are satisfied with the annexation of the Parma. The following year in the spring of 1849 the Austrian Empire finally permanently suppresses the Hungarian revolt with the help of Tsarist Russia and finally prepares the forces to invade Italy and occupy the Lombard-Emilian region, the Austrian General Staff also proposes an invasion of Istria and Dalmatia which were left unguarded and with few men in its defense and in June the Austrian Army began military operations with the massing of troops in Trentino commanded by Radetzky and in Croatia under the command of d'Aspre. On 17 June Austria declares war on Veneto and on 20 Austrian departments invade Dalmatia while Radetzky had already started operations on 19 with the sending of Hussars across the border; the few Venetian garrisons mount strong resistance against the Austrians but futile since they do not have the opportunity to receive reinforcements or help, d'Aspre will capture Obrovazzo on June 25 and July 7 arrive at the gates of Zemonico near Zara, and the other part of the Army sent to Spalato and Sibenico is blocked in Canina by members of the local National Guard and by Schiavoni divisions. A small Navy fleet in the following days is sent to the Gulf of Trieste to destroy the Austrian fleet deployed there, on 12 July the Battle of Trieste is fought, the Venetian squadron will be able to destroy a large part of the fleet but not without significant losses caused by the ships enemy and from coastal fortifications, this operation is considered a success because until the end of the war the Austrian Navy will not do any military action, leaving the Adriatic in the hands of the Venetians but also with this victory the Venetian Army cannot stop the Austrian advance although it will send reinforcements to Dalmatia and Istria to strengthen defenses. On 9 July Zara is besieged and on 14 Sibenico with Spalato on 19, all three cities have good defense systems and are supplied by the Venetians by sea, the Ragusano and the rest of the territories of the Republic are safe from Austrian aims for the impossibility of advancing further, Radetzky instead in Trentino struggles to advance due to the Italian resistance and the actions of Garibaldi, who with the use of the guerrilla war stops the Austrians in Val Camonica, subsequently Radetzky tries to break through through the Lake Garda to cause confusion and take the Italians from behind, he will only be able to hold the Island of Garda for a few days before being forced to retire, he will also try to enter via the Friulian Plain and will be able to break through it, reaching up to Udine and to the occupation of the Carnic Alps before being defeated in the battle of San Daniele del Friuli and at the end in the last days of July the Emperor called his troops after the conclusion of negotiations between President Daniele Manin and Chancellor Wessenberg-Ampringen, with the armistice of San Daniele del Friuli concludes the Austro-Venetian War momentarily, accepting the transfer of the Lombard-Emilian by Austria and the transfer of Dalmatia with the city of Sibenico by the Veneto, Istria and the other regions remain in the Venetian hands as they are considered of little value. The Armistice of San Daniele was ratified with the Zurich Treaty in 1850. The Venetian Republic emerged from this war both defeated and victorious, having conquered Lombardy and the whole of the north-west, while in Turin King Carlo Alberto has been under pressure for days by generals and the court to attack Venice now that it is exhausted by the war and take advantage of it to conquer Lombardy and Romagna, and on 1 August the Kingdom of Sardinia invades Lombardy both from the west and from the south across the Po, the Savoy troops struggle to advance and the Veneto Army with the help of the volunteers manages to go behind the enemy lines through the Modena area and conquer Parma. At the same time, on August 1st, the French Army after the news of the war between Sardinia and Veneto invaded Savoy, left unguarded and by July 7th the whole region was conquered, riots also broke out in Genoa, Carlo Alberto to not lose the throne asks the surrender of the war immediately, the armistice was signed in Vignale which would put an end to the war between the new king Vittorio Emanuele II, Daniele Manin and Luigi Bonaparte with the transfer of Savoy to France and Tunisia and Parma to Veneto. In the same year in Italy the reactionary forces regained ground with the occupation of the Roman Republic by Duosicilian, Spanish and Austrian contingents, in addition to subsequently a large French contingent under Oudinot in 1852 after the establishment of the Second French Empire by Louis Napoleon , the Venetian Republic will eventually have to give up the unification to incorporate only the Lombard-Emilian, Romagna and Lucchese in the Veneto state, and the patriots will realize that only with the intervention of a foreign power Italy can be united under one nation, whether it is republican or monarchical. Tuscany was occupied by the Austrian and Papal troops following the restoration of the Grand Duke by the moderates of Tuscany and the Municipality of Florence, Guerrazzi, Montanelli, Mazzoni, had to take refuge in Veneto where they were welcomed, together with them many other patriots found refuge in the republic like Guglielmo Pepe, Francesco Crispi, Giovanni Mazzini, Aurelio Saffi and Lorenzo Pareto, this influence did not stop for several years and already in 1854 in Lombardy there were about 15 thousand Italian exiles from all over Italy, many of them were intellectuals or patriots but others even bourgeois disillusioned with Italian absolutism and confident of the republican government. With the incorporation of the new territories in the Venetian Republic the need to give a new name that was suitable to represent the whole national territory, at the end after several parliamentary sessions it was decided to change the name from "Venetian Republic" to "Lombard Republic" . In the subsequent elections of 1850 Manin was appointed President of the Republic by Parliament and the left-wing coalition, formed by the Republicans, Mazzinians and liberals, managed to win most of the seats and the coalition appointed Carlo Cattaneo as their candidate who was appointed Prime Minister on February 12, 1851, the Cattaneo Government in the following years launched important reforms such as a school reform based on secularism, extensions to the ports of Ragusa, Canea, Ravenna and Viareggio, to the modernization of the railway system which in 1859 covered the entire territory of the mainland and an administrative reform that introduced a federal system, using the Swiss and US models as a model. The federal reform of Cattaneo provides for a transformation of the entire state and a constitutional change; the old administrative divisions were abolished to be replaced with the Regions, administrative entities with self-government on regional policy and with an autonomous fiscal policy or fiscal federalism, they are examples of presidential democracy where the inhabitants of this region vote for the General Assembly; a single-chamber parliament composed of locally elected members and where they also vote for the President of the Region, elected by male suffrage at each election, he remains in office for 7 years and can be re-elected twice, the president has the competence to form a regional government and the General Assembly has the power to dismiss the President and call for new elections. Below the Regions there are the Districts, the second administrative level of competence of a city, it includes the rural and city territory but does not have real political powers and have a purely statistical and elective value, under them there are the municipalities, each Municipality has a public office called Mayor or Podestà depending on the state and is directly elected by male suffrage for those who are 21 years old, and in most cases also has competences in the surrounding countryside. Finally there are the Autonomous Municipalities and the Dogado of Venice, they are Venice, Spalato, Zara, Prevesa and Vonizza, administratively they are on a par with both a State and a Municipality at the same time, they are directly managed by the municipal authority and elect a Parliamentary representative. With the new system, the Federal Parliament will be divided between the General Council, the lower house of parliament composed of members elected by male suffrage and uninominal college and double election round and between the Senate, the upper house of parliament composed of representatives of each Region. and Autonomous Municipalities, they are voted directly by the General Assemblies and each region has the right to elect two members and the autonomous municipalities only one representative, the federal parliament has a duration of 5 years. The Regions at the vigil of the Cattaneo reform are 14; Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia, Romagna, Lucchese, Istria, Ragusano, Ionian Islands, Venice, Spalato, Zara, Prevesa, Vonizza and Crete. The regions also have the possibility of adopting one or more regional languages which have the same competence as Italian, and they are Lombard, Veneto, Emilian, Romagnolo, Tuscan, Istrian, Dalmatian, Croatian and Greek. And they are teachers at school as a secondary language like French. Subsequently Carlo Cattaneo remained on the political scene as a parliamentarian in the left coalition, voting against the Cavour government, later becoming professor of law at the University of Bologna in 1857 and then rector of the Polytechnic of Milan from 1863 until 1868, at the same time he will also be director of "Il Politecnico" until 1862. While the Lombard Republic initiated extensive reforms, the other Italian states returned to absolutism, and the last monarchy that repealed the constitution was the Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1850 the imminent signature of the Treaty of Paris for the Sardinian-Venetian War, the Subalpine Parliament refused to sign the peace treaty twice, at this point King Vittorio Emanuele declared the Moncalieri Proclamation, where he invited the voters to vote cautiously but again the parliament had a left majority and at this point the King dissolved the Parliament and repealed the constitution, returning to the absolute monarchy and eventually signing the Treaty of Paris. The repeal of the Albertine Statute caused a brain drain from the Kingdom of Sardinia where important leftists and intellectuals both republican and moderate emigrated to the Republic and among these names such as Nino Bixio, Urbano Rattazzi, Camillo Benso of Cavour and many other Piedmontese stand out. Cavour in particular will become a famous figure in the political scene, already an important statesman and economic theorist in the Kingdom of Sardinia. In 1854 he became the new President of the Council of Ministers, when in the previous elections the right wing formed by the liberals and the nobility won the elections. Already immediately Cavour set to work to show the world and Italy that the republics were not the lair of revolutionaries and that Lombardy was the only nation in Italy to be modern, dynamic and industrialized on the peninsula. Cavour also used realpolitik to increase the chances of unifying Italy, receiving the English foreign minister Lord Palmerston in Venice in 1858 and the French ambassador Jules Baroche in 1855. In 1853 due to disagreements about the protection of Christians and who had to protect them between the French Empire or the Russian Empire, the republic declared itself neutral but already the following year the British and French asked the government to take sides with the forces of the Agreement against Russia, Cavour was in favor of the alliance but hesitant because of the good diplomatic relations with the Tsarist Empire, he finally accepted under the condition that France and the United Kingdom guaranteed the integrity of Lombardy from a possible Sardinian or Austrian attack and in 1855 the Corps sailed from the port of Venice of the Lombard Expedition with an infantry division also composed of Bersaglieri and Schiavoni and a Cavalry regiment, for a total of 10 thousand men commanded by the General Manfredi Fanti. Lombard troops landed on 8 May in Balaklava, the expeditionary force had lesser tasks than the English and French ones but it distinguished itself in the Battle of the Cernaia, where units of Bersaglieri and Fanti de Mar together with the Ottoman and French troops managed to fend off Russian attacks all day. The negotiations began as early as 1855 and in the spring of 1856 the Paris Congress was opened with participants from the Second French Empire, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, the Lombard Republic and the Russian Empire and gave Cavour the opportunity to put internationally and diplomatically the Italian Question, and to prove to the world that the Lombard Republic is not an anarchist and revolutionary state, but a liberal, industrial and modern one where Nobility still exists. In fact, an English officer comments on the visit to a Lombard camp; "In my surroundings I see soldiers of all kinds and every race among Italians, Slavs and Greeks, I even find Turks converted but the most amazing thing is the high presence of nobles and aristocrats such as Count Alessandro Capodistria, son of the famous Capodistria or the Duke Lodovico Melzi d'Eril, I must say that this republic is quite strange. "
2020.04.12 09:30 luka-exeDiscovering my Patron Deity (Beginner Hellenic Worshiper)
I have felt a connection to the Greek Pantheon for as long as I can remember, even during my time as a practicing Christian as a child I felt a stronger connection to many Gods than to One True God. I have sporadically looked further into the belief system throughout my 22 years of life, but in the past year I have taken more of an interest in it. I separated with my partner of almost 6 years and I turned back to belief in order to ease my grief and loneliness. Over the course of the year I have been comprising my findings in a journal, writing is like a form of meditation and relaxation for me and I like having all my research in one compiled place. A few months ago my journal was damaged, and I have been slowly transferring it to a new journal. I was forced to take a break from my research after another traumatic loss in my life. For the first time this year I returned to my journal and spent hours transferring information into it when I had the sudden realisation. Strange coincidences had been occurring during the period of the new loss in my life, and I knew it was pointing to a deity sending me signs. I began taking note of all the occurrences to figure out who it could have been. David Bowie (one of my favourite musicians) would always play on the radio when I felt doubt, imagery of dolphins were anywhere that was important to me, I would often spell frankincense without anyone else around to burn incense or wear perfume, ravens followed me during the hardest moments. Then I started to realise signs that had been with me for years. My ability to play musical instruments without much issue, having prophetic dreams, identifying as bisexual, being passionate about writing and poetry. I realised that I had a deity watching out for me, and that deity was Apollo. I instantly shot out of bed and offered a stick of frankincense and offered praise and thanks. That one stick of incense burned for almost an hour, when they have never burned for more than half an hour in my experience. Today I have finally decided to join reddit so I can connect with others of the Hellenic faith, continue my research, and share my experiences since my realisation. Thank you all.
2020.04.07 22:33 Bevans-12[EVENT] The Crisis Lingers (I) - Agriculture
The Great Balkan War was won - and the regions of Macedonia and Thrace had begun the slow process of deep integration into the Hellenic Republic. However, now that the Greek people’s desire for revanchism had been temporarily dampened, the Papandreou Administration’s attention turned to resolving the lingering economic issues of the Black Monday crisis. Measures had already been implemented upon the outbreak of the crash, and certainly the mobilisation of industry had helped to boost employment and kick-start the economy again - but these were not enough to resolve the crisis and properly put Greece back onto a path of economic growth and development. Indeed, an effort to more thoroughly address the crisis had begun to be demanded by the Hellenic people - newspapers began to run stories criticising Papandreou’s ignorance towards the livelihoods of Greeks, and focusing too much on a population exchange. It appeared clear that whilst the measures he introduced did aid in recovering from Black Monday significantly, more reforms were needed. In particular, the rural communities of Greece called out for action on the unfair practices forced upon them from the landlords that had dominated agriculture for centuries. Financial exploitation and unjust evictions were common complaints, but the whole system of tenant farming that dominated around half of Greek arable land desperately needed addressing. Their complaints extended further than land reform however, with incomes continuing to fall following the Black Monday crisis, and Greek produce being increasingly hard to sell internationally; action was needed to secure the future of Hellenic farming. Papandreou, together with his Finance Minister Emmanouil Tsouderos began drawing together plans for land reform, in cooperation with representatives from the agrarian community. The State Markets Act and Land Reform Act succeeded only due to the support gained through the governing Liberal Coalition working together with the socialist agrarians - who worked heavily on the land reform measures. Whilst it faced fervent opposition from the People’s Party, it never-the-less passed.
Laiki Agora - State Sponsored Markets
During mobilisation the Hellenic Republic undertook in preparation for (and during) the Great Balkan War, the government instituted a policy of buying a portion of farmer’s produce, to be converted into rations and distributed amongst the soldiers and sailors of the Hellenic Armed Forces. This policy proved to be immensely popular with the rural and agrarian population of Greece, amplifying their income and enabling them to further recover from the crash which so devastated the agricultural sector of the Greek economy. Moreover, in some cases - it allowed them to invest in more farmhands and even new technology to improve the efficiency of their harvests. Thus, the government has announced the extension and expansion of this policy:
The policy of buying farmer’s produce would continue as it had been established in war time, with the establishment of new regional markets to facilitate the purchase of a portion of agricultural goods. These markets will be located in the same areas where traditional Greek markets are usually held (Laiki Agora), to increase ease of access for farmers. The state markets will be situated in urban areas with a population exceeding 25,000, to ensure rural farmers have a central location to travel in which to sell their produce. The Ministry of Agriculture will oversee this extensive market programme.
Farmers will be paid in either new machinery and tools to increase their agricultural production efficiency, or in raw Drachma. However, the machinery would be worth more than the Drachma offered. The produce will then be sold on international markets, emphasising Greece’s unique agriculture; feta, olives, peaches, grapes etc. to attract buyers. Grain and more generic agriculture that Greece produces will also be offered to its closest trade partners that struggle with feeding their populations; such as the French Republic.
From these state-run markets, the Hellenic Government hopes that farmer’s income will further be subsidised, aiding the recovery of their income and produce to pre-crash levels. The Papandreou administration has announced that this policy will continue until June 1937, where it will be reviewed, and either continued for a further six months, or be gradually phased out.
Tackling Land Reform
The issue of Land Reform is an issue that has seriously hampered the growth of Greece’s agricultural sector; much of the arable land is owned by powerful, wealthy landlords who utilise mass tenant farming to make their profits. Black Monday’s particularly devastating effect on Greek Agriculture has once again brought the issue to national attention - with debate raging on the best course of action. This has re-ignited a long established topic of ideological conflict between the major parties in Greece; the socialist ‘National Union Party’, being agrarian-focused, strongly supports radical land reform to seize land and redistribute it to the wider rural population. In opposition to them is the People’s Party, who hold landowner’s interests close. They say that the current system is successful and fine as is; and strong landowners allows efficient management of agriculture. The governing Liberal Coalition, led by the Prime Minister, lies in the crossfire of this conflict - being pulled either way by the opposing forces. However ultimately, the agrarian socialists won out - appealing to Papandreou’s social democratic leanings to successfully sway him to their cause. However, he has made the Land Reform Programme decidedly more moderate than the radical agrarians sought - needed to pass the legislation successfully and effectively keep control over his more conservative MPs. In the ‘Land Reform Act (1936)’ the following measures will be implemented, to better the Hellenic agrarian population - both socially and economically:
The most important part of the act will seek to break up large estates of over 500 hectares, which own huge swathes of arable land in Greece - a distinctly rare commodity due to our nation’s rather poor soil. Landlords would be allowed to keep a maximum of 1/10 of their land, with the rest of it being able to be bought by sharecroppers and tenant farmers. This is expected to increase the efficiency of farmland, along with profitability per hectare, by allowing greater autonomy and freedom for each farmer - not being restricted by the single-minded focus on profitability some landlords possess. Thus, while the upfront cost may be great, eventually this will pay off in the form of economic growth through the aforementioned expected results, and thus increased tax income.
Sharecroppers and Tenant Farmers would be empowered by the state to purchase the area of land in which they currently farm, with the state enforcing them via the power of compulsory purchase and eminent domain - essentially forcing the landlords to sell their land if the request is made. Furthermore, the land they purchase will have a price limit of ℛℳ 40 per hectare, ensuring it is affordable both for the state and the farmer.
They would be able to purchase the land through either their own savings, or low-interest loans distributed by the ADIB (Agriculture Development & Investment Bank), which will be expanded and empowered under the Land Reform Act. The ADIB will be granted an additional ℛℳ 45,000,000 from the central government, to finance this loan distribution. Whilst this is expensive in the short-term, the loans are expected to be paid back by the successful sharecroppers with their own farms - meaning long term profitability. Moreover, the ADIB is to provide further grants of up to ℛℳ 200 upon the purchase of the land to allow new farmers to adapt, and modernise - to purchase new machinery and tools.
The reforms also contain crucial regulations to ensure fairness in the future for Greek agriculture - the practice of tenant farming is to be restricted severely, with landlords only able to rent out a maximum of 2/3rds of their total arable land. The Ministry of Agriculture will closely supervise and monitor this - with yearly inspections. Furthermore, the Landlord’s right to evict tenant farmers will be limited - only if there is provable vandalism, or if they have failed to meet rent payments for a minimum of six months.
This policy of Land Reform is to have wide-reaching impact, and fundamentally change Hellenic rural life. However, it is a popular move, which enjoys broad support amongst agrarian communities. It will also be applied fully to the newly annexed regions of Southern Macedonia and Western Thrace - bringing desperately needed reforms to the regions that have been deprived of investment from the Tsardom’s neglectful rule.
2020.03.30 06:08 mr-peaches[SPOILER] Theory on Ben. Unanswered Questions?
I finished the final episode took a drive and one thing bothers me. We never see Ben’s dead body, like his actual dead face. If that’s not too harsh. The scene at the restaurant with Wendy, we see Ben step out of the restaurant, a cut to Nelson across the parking lot, cut. The next time we see “Ben”, is in a body bag getting pulled out of Nelson’s SUV with Ruth and Marty present. I am rewatching from where Wendy and Ben are at the rest stop when Ben calls Hellen to try and apologize. Towards the end of Episode 9. Wendy catches Ben on the phone, after a frustrated outburst by Wendy. Ben begins to get upset and Wendy goes to comfort him. Wendy begins to ask out loud. “Where can I take you that you will be safe”, Ben answers “Knoxville”. My thought as I am rewatching. In the movies and TV shows, where does everyone go when they have to lay low. Mexico, a classic Hollywood cliché. It might be a stretch for me to think Ben is in Mexico, but I do believe that Ben is still alive. I have arguments. Please see below... Wendy and Ben are eating dinner in the restaurant, before she makes what seems like a decision that will result in her brother’s life coming to an end. Wendy asks Ben. “What do you want,” an eerily similar question that Marty was asked by Navarro earlier in the season when he was a prisoner of Navarro’s in Mexico. A connection to Navarro and Mexico. Ben answers the question saying that he wants Ruth, dogs, a house, a GARDEN, and a job. Ding ding ding, if you haven’t made the connection. I know a crazy old lady with a nice big garden. Who seems to be in quite good terms with a emotionally confused/confident Ruth by the end of episode ten. Foreshadowing that maybe Ben will get what he wants. It is never clearly shown or stated how Nelson finds out where Ben is at. After the phone call that Ben made to Hellen at the rest stop, Wendy snapped the phone in half. Can we say that would have been the extent as to where Hellen would be able to track Ben? Wendy has her breakdown in the van after leaving the restaurant and calls Marty. She cry’s to Marty that she can’t do this. Again, it is never clearly stated or shown what in fact “this” is. It is only implied, implied that she gave up Ben herself to be killed. When Ruth and Marty are cremating “Ben,” Ruth ask Marty how they found Ben. Marty says that Ben made a mistake when he called Hellen. Marty lies for Wendy, on the implication that Wendy set up Ben. As there would have been no way for Hellen to track Ben from the rest stop to the restaurant. As the phone was broken at the rest stop. Here is my theory. Wendy didn’t call Hellen and give up Ben. Wendy called Navarro. Wendy explained the situation to Navarro, he decided to help. He knew the only person that really wanted Ben dead was Hellen. At this point maybe Navarro already had made his decision on Hellen, or maybe a private phone call with Wendy helped him reach that decision. Nelson answers to Navarro, we know this from the time Hellen asked him if he would “let her know” if the phone call ever came for her own life. Which we find out he did not let Hellen know. Navarro gave the order to Nelson to take Ben. Take Ben where, that’s where things get a little foggy. I am not exactly sure, but I have a theory. When Wendy leaves Ben at the restaurant table. She gets in her van to leave the restaurant. Minute mark 56:26 in episode 9. The license plate is a Tennessee license plate. Can we say, at the bare minimum, they made it out of Missouri? Maybe Ben and Wendy made it to Knoxville, maybe Nelson got Ben either settled in with the people he knew in Knoxville or possibly got him to Mexico. A place where he would be safe. Why Navarro would do this for Wendy. I am not sure. Maybe it could be because he had already made his decision on Hellen, and sparing his soon to be new partners close brother can be seen as a kind gesture. A kind gesture that could asked to be remembered in the future. I realize it can be argued that this can all be disproven by the conversation that Wendy has with Navarro in the middle of episode 10. I like to think it could be a ploy cooked up between Wendy and Navarro to make everyone think Ben is dead, more importantly make Hellen think Ben is dead. Wendy had been getting more confident when speaking with Navarro, almost like they truly are partners instead of her working for him. Or as he put it, him owning her. To me there weren’t enough concrete actions or words given to say that Ben is for sure with out a doubt dead. They built too much up between Ruth and himself to have him just be done. I have a feeling we will meet Ben again. What do you think? Some one had to have noticed that we never saw Ben’s physical dead body, we only saw a zipped up body bag. TL;DR: Wendy and Navarro are working together behind the scene. Ben is still alive and will be apart of the future plot.
2020.03.15 06:15 TOXIC_OMG_REPORTLux in Tenebris - An expansion mod
Hi! My name is Helena, main developer and creator of Lux in Tenebris, an expansion mod for EU4. More than a year ago some friends and me were in a crave to play Beyond Typus, a fantastic mod surely many of you know already, but with the release of BT 10.0 we thought that the province density was a *bit* too much for our more vanilla tastes. Starting as a mere personal, humble project to update BT 9.0 to the current version of the game, we started what would become Lux in Tenebris. Merely a couple weeks after we started, we started thinking 'what if we add this new idea, or change this other event, what if we add some more provinces to this region'. Soon we realized that we were doing something else than just updating Beyond Typus 9. As a result, after more than a year and a half, we're in a state where we have far surpassed the original Beyond Typus 9.0 in scope and ambitions, giving birth to Lux in Tenebris. The intent with the mod is to have a massively improved EU4, but within the guidelines and gameplay rules on which the base game runs. We want to give players a choice between the (in my personal opinion) insufficiently detailed vanilla game and the extremely detailed mods such as Beyond Typus. We look for a balance between expanding and overhauling systems of the game while maintaining the mod simple enough that AI can perfectly play it and players don't feel overwhelmed. Player agency is a very important part of our design philosophy and is always present behind every decision. Some of our key features are:
Many new religions, some of them fully fleshed out with many events like Waldensian, Nestorian and Hellenic faith (this one available only through custom nation designer)
Thousands of new provinces across the world, with hundreds of new tags and dozens of new cultures
Hundreds of new national ideas sets, with the goal of eventually removing every single generic idea from the game
Fully fleshed out tech groups, as of now Japanese and Korean. With highly detailed unit descriptions and clear focuses (Japanese units focus on fire; Korean on defense)
Hundreds of new trade goods, events, decisions, governments and other misc. flavor that make the game overall more enjoyable during peace time and more rewarding for war time
Without bothering you anymore with boring self-promotion :p I'm happy to announce that Lux in Tenebris is finally released and ready to be enjoyed! https://steamcommunity.com/sharedfiles/filedetails/?id=2022845934 I hope anyone who is interested enough to download it likes the mod, and I encourage everyone to give feedback so me and my partners can improve this mod in the future, we have big plans for post-release support! Thank you everyone, have a good day/afternoon/night and sorry if my English was bad, it's not my first language.
2020.03.11 19:08 FrenchtoastgoddessHellenic Polytheist, Yet My Partner and I Chose All Biblical Names
I've been with my partner since high school and we have always had our names chosen. So I figured I'd share them with you! 1) Lucille Grace 2) Mikael Jonathan William 3) Raphael Leopold 4) Ariel Eden 5) Samael Gray We are working on a third girl name, as triplets and twins run rampant in my family!
2020.03.07 16:08 spookykitcatHelp identifying a deity
Hi there, I have been practicing Hellenism for a little over two years now and have come to a point where I can't find the information I need so I thought I would ask you guys. I am a devotee to Apollon, Hades, and Hermes, but recent events have led me to wonder if another deity is reaching out. I have had this reoccurring dream for most of my life, I am traveling to an island through a forested body of water, when I get to the island I find a castle that once belonged to my family but something resides in the castle, ancient, powerful, and a little unsettling. This dream is often accompanied with fog and bleeds into my waking world. Furthermore, any time I practice divination or reach out to my deities I find my house gets foggy and I can't break the barrier. My partner suggested this may have something to do with the fates as I have Roma heritage and have always been exceptionally good at divination, as well as often just know information that there would be no way for me to know. They suggested the fog could be an indication of this the other possible option we have consider is that this could be Hecate. I am skeptical to say it is Hecate as I know she is very direct in her approach to potential followers, but cannot find enough information on the fates to determine if I am connected to them. Any advice or thoughts would help. Thank you
2020.02.29 09:20 OneSpookySneakySquid[DIPLOMACY] Athens to London
Seeing as 66% of the Cypriot population has voted in favor of enosis with Greece, we would like to work with the United Kingdom to move forward with the process. As previously agreed, the United Kingdom will be allowed to use the islands southern port, and we look forward to increased cooperation with our British partners on this matter. We have several proposals for the British government that we believe they may be interested in.
Joint Naval Base
As we shift the island of Cyprus to Greek administration, and your government sees the need for the continued use of Cyprus' southern port, we propose the establishment of a joint naval base. We can construct the base, and reserve a portion of it for our British counterparts, and we are open to building the necessary facilities right next to the southern port the British intend to keep using. With Britain's great naval history and experience, we believe activities such as joint patrols and joint training exercises would be highly beneficial.to the Hellenic Navy as we continue to expand it.
Preventing Inter-Ethnic Violence
Although the Turkish population on Cyprus is a minority, they are still a sizable amount of the population of the island, and tensions between Greek and Turkish Cypriots are as high as ever with the recent referendums. We propose a joint Greek-British task force be established during this transitional period which will act as a peacekeeping force to prevent any ethnic conflicts on the island. As for political representation, we will aim to establish a dialogue with the Turkish minority on the island in order to facilitate a smooth transition and satisfaction of the Turkish minority. We will bring Turkish community leaders and activists to the table to construct policies and procedures to ensure that the voices of Greece's Turkish minority are heard.
// writen by ZHOU Junjun https://preview.redd.it/dmiozlenzaj41.jpg?width=533&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=84da99e0ebbcc60754cdc5086b2481cf48a42f83 第一个故事 男人拖着疲倦回到家，妻子问：“怎么这么晚回来？是不是外面有人了？” 男人忽然感到非常愤怒地对妻子说：“你怎么这么不理解我？” 第二天，他们去民政局换了一本证…… Erste Geschichte Der Mann schleppte sich müde nach Hause und seine Frau fragte: "Warum bist du so spät zurück? Ist da draußen jemand?" Der Mann war plötzlich sehr wütend und sagte zu seiner Frau: "Warum verstehst du mich nicht so gut?" Am nächsten Tag gingen sie zum Büro für zivile Angelegenheiten, um ein Zertifikat auszutauschen ... 第二个故事 课后，老师对学生说：“如果再是这个成绩，我会劝你转校了，跟上你会很吃力。” 回家，母亲拿着试卷恨铁不成钢地指责孩子说：“再过一年高考了，你看你该怎么办，你看考得上哪个学校，你看你将来该怎么办！怎么这么不争气呢。” 晚间补习，补习老师说：“怎么教了这么多遍，你就是做不对呢？” 当晚，学生从补习老师家一跃而下，当场死亡，他才十六岁…… Zweite Geschichte Nach dem Unterricht sagte der Lehrer zu den Schülern: "Wenn es wieder diese Klasse ist, werde ich Ihnen raten, zur Schule zu wechseln. Es wird schwierig sein, mit Ihnen Schritt zu halten." Als die Mutter nach Hause ging, beschuldigte sie das Kind mit einem Testpapier, das Eisen und Stahl hasste, und sagte: "Was sollten Sie nach einem weiteren Jahr College-Aufnahmeprüfung tun? Kämpfe dafür. " Am Abend sagte der Tutor: "Warum hast du es so oft unterrichtet, dass du es einfach nicht richtig gemacht hast?" In dieser Nacht sprang der Student aus dem Haus des Lehrers und starb sofort. Er war erst 16 Jahre alt ... 第三个故事 十年寒窗苦读，他是有名的学霸，名企招聘会上，面试官对他说：“介绍下你自己。” 他说：“啊……嗯……我……我叫……” 面试官说：“对不起，请下一位。” 走出门，他靠着墙蹲下，把简历撕得粉碎…… Dritte Geschichte Nach zehn Jahren intensiven Studiums war er ein bekannter Schulbulle. Bei Interviews mit berühmten Unternehmen sagte der Interviewer zu ihm: "Stellen Sie sich vor." Er sagte: "Ah ... ähm ... ich ... ich bin ..." Der Interviewer sagte: "Es tut mir leid, bitte als nächstes." Er trat aus der Tür, hockte sich gegen die Wand und riss seinen Lebenslauf in Stücke ... 第四个故事 团队准备整整一月，精心编制各种节目，终于迎来了万众期待的年会。 董事长在员工热情的掌声中缓步走上讲台，举起话筒方才发觉演讲稿落在座位上，他望着台下黑压压的人群，一双双亮晶晶的眼睛，忽然觉得呼吸急促，头冒冷汗，双脚发抖…… 他不禁往讲台中间挪了挪，这一挪，却不小心把话筒掉到了地上，台下一下子热闹起来，传来闷声的笑声。 他完全慌了神，已不记得演讲稿的内容，有些尴尬地弯下腰捡起话筒咳了两声说：“哈哈，大家，吃好，喝好！谢谢！” 然后像逃荒般地窜下台回到座位，连忙拿起纸巾擦拭满头汗水，剧烈的心跳声在耳畔久久不能散去…… Vierte Geschichte Das Team bereitete sich auf einen ganzen Monat vor, stellte verschiedene Programme sorgfältig zusammen und leitete schließlich das mit Spannung erwartete Jahrestreffen ein. Der Vorsitzende ging langsam mit dem warmen Applaus der Angestellten auf das Podium und hob das Mikrofon, bevor er bemerkte, dass die Rede auf den Sitz fiel. Er sah die Menge unter der Bühne mit seinen hellen Augen an und fühlte plötzlich Kurzatmigkeit und kalten Schweiß auf seinem Kopf. Deine Füße zittern ... Er konnte nicht anders, als sich in die Mitte des Podiums zu bewegen, aber dies ließ das Mikrofon versehentlich auf den Boden fallen, und das Publikum brach in Aufregung aus und hörte ein gedämpftes Lachen. Er war völlig in Panik und konnte sich nicht an den Inhalt der Rede erinnern. Er bückte sich etwas unbeholfen, nahm das Mikrofon und hustete zweimal: "Haha, alle, essen Sie gut, trinken Sie gut! Danke!" Dann fliehe ich wie eine Flucht von der Bühne, kehre zum Sitz zurück, nehme schnell ein Taschentuch und wische mir den Schweiß ab. Der intensive Herzschlag kann nicht lange in meinen Ohren verschwinden ... 第五个故事 商业路演现场，他拿着一个团队整整一个月不眠不休做出的商业计划书，已经有20万高粘度粉丝，信心十足。 当话筒递到他手上，投资人说：“请用三句话说明你的项目。” 他说：“呃……我们做的是……是……” 投资人说：“谢谢，请下一位。” 他黯然坐下，合作伙伴们都黯然低下了头，拍了拍他的肩膀，起身离去…… Fünfte Geschichte Auf der kommerziellen Roadshow hielt er ein Team von Geschäftsplänen, an denen er einen ganzen Monat gearbeitet hatte, und hatte 200.000 hochviskose Ventilatoren mit Zuversicht. Als ihm das Mikrofon übergeben wurde, sagte der Investor: "Bitte erläutern Sie Ihr Projekt in drei Sätzen." Er sagte: "Äh ... was wir tun ist ... ja ..." Der Investor sagte: "Danke, bitte als nächstes." Er setzte sich traurig, die Partner senkten alle traurig den Kopf, tätschelten seine Schulter, standen auf und gingen ... 第六个故事 古有贾诩一句话引起百年战乱，亦有张仪三寸不烂之舌抵百万雄狮。 历史由人演绎，社会由人诠释，生活由人改变。 今天，当我们面对各种繁琐，各种误解，各种质疑，各种矛盾，各种委屈，我们都说，这是人造成的。 蓦然回首，三省吾身，这是——沟通——造成的！ Sechste Geschichte In der Antike verursachten Jia Yis Worte einen hundertjährigen Krieg, und Zhang Yis drei Zoll große, nicht verfaulte Zunge erreichte eine Million männlicher Löwen. Geschichte wird von Menschen interpretiert, Gesellschaft wird von Menschen interpretiert und das Leben wird von Menschen verändert. Wenn wir heute allen Arten von Langeweile, allen Arten von Missverständnissen, allen Arten von Zweifeln, allen Arten von Widersprüchen, allen Arten von Beschwerden gegenüberstehen, sagen wir alle, dass dies von Menschen verursacht wird. Wenn ich plötzlich zurückblicke, sind die drei Provinzen mein Körper, das ist Kommunikation verursacht! 第N个故事 .......... N-te Geschichte .......... “莲花演说”源自“舌灿莲花，口吐莲花”，主要形容人口才好，口齿伶俐，能言善道，有如莲花般的美妙。莲花，也有纯洁，正直，吉祥之意。古月今心取“莲花演说”，意其一是人若有纯洁正直的心，逢人多说吉祥的话，这样人们便会心生欢喜，人事顺利，性格也就乐观包容，命运也就更加舒顺。意其二，公众演说，能够能言善道，犹如莲花般的美妙。 Die "Lotusrede" stammt von "Zungenlotus, Spucklotus". Sie beschreibt hauptsächlich die Bevölkerung, ist artikuliert, kann gut sprechen und ist so schön wie ein Lotus. Lotus bedeutet auch Reinheit, Integrität und Glücksverheißung. Gu Yuejin nahm die "Lotusrede". Einer der Gründe ist, dass wenn Menschen ein reines und aufrechtes Herz haben und jedes Mal glückverheißende Worte sagen, sich die Menschen in ihren Herzen freuen, die Dinge glatt werden, ihre Persönlichkeit optimistisch und tolerant ist und ihr Schicksal noch mehr sein wird Shushun. Zweitens können öffentliche Reden freundlich sprechen, genau wie eine Lotusblume. 在这个科技日新月异的时代，移动互联网深入到我们生活的方方面面，改变了我们的社交方式，看似缩短了人与人之间的距离。恰恰相反的是，而今“人际交往”却成为大家津津乐道的话题，人们热衷学习“情商”，“智商”，“处理人际关系”。 In diesem sich schnell verändernden Zeitalter der Technologie ist das mobile Internet in jeden Aspekt unseres Lebens eingedrungen, hat die Art und Weise, wie wir Kontakte knüpfen, verändert und scheint die Distanz zwischen Menschen zu verkürzen. Im Gegenteil, "zwischenmenschliche Kommunikation" ist zu einem Thema geworden, über das alle sprechen. Die Menschen möchten unbedingt "EQ", "IQ" und "Umgang mit zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen" lernen. 古月今心说，从他帮助的几千位因公众演说有障碍的学员，他发现经常用正确的方式进行演说训练，不仅让更多的人成功的解决了公众演说障碍，还更加提高了沟通和谈判能力，连同日常人际关系也有积极改善。而今，古月今心已经帮助几千人因为沟通，因为演说问题而遇到困惑的人。而今，莲花演说遍布全国多个一线城市，成为中国极具影响力的互动演说训练机构，收获学员大量赞誉。 Gu Yuejinxin sagte, dass von den Tausenden von Auszubildenden, die Schwierigkeiten mit dem öffentlichen Sprechen haben, er feststellte, dass oft das richtige Sprechtraining nicht nur mehr Menschen ermöglicht, Hindernisse für das öffentliche Sprechen erfolgreich zu lösen, sondern sich auch verbessert Die Kommunikations- und Verhandlungsfähigkeiten sowie die täglichen zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen haben sich ebenfalls verbessert. Heute hat Gu Yuejin Xin Tausenden von Menschen geholfen, die aufgrund von Kommunikations- und Sprachproblemen verwirrt sind. Heutzutage haben sich Lotus-Reden in vielen erstklassigen Städten des Landes verbreitet und sind zu Chinas einflussreichsten interaktiven Sprachausbildungseinrichtungen geworden, die von Studenten viel Lob erhalten haben. 古月今心过去十二年，把自己的全部心血和精力专注于沟通、演说事业，未来，他将一如既往……他只是希望能够帮更多人解决沟通问题，让他们不会再因为沟通问题失去家庭，不会因为沟通问题失去机会，不会因为沟通问题失去自信，不会因为沟通问题铸就大错后悔终生。 In den letzten zwölf Jahren hat Gu Yuejinxin all seine Anstrengungen und seine Energie der Sache der Kommunikation und des Sprechens gewidmet. In Zukunft wird er wie immer weitermachen ... Er hofft nur, mehr Menschen bei der Lösung von Kommunikationsproblemen zu helfen, damit sie nicht von Kommunikationsproblemen betroffen sind. Wenn Sie Ihre Familie verlieren, verlieren Sie keine Chancen aufgrund von Kommunikationsproblemen, Sie verlieren kein Vertrauen aufgrund von Kommunikationsproblemen und Sie werden Ihr Leben aufgrund von Kommunikationsproblemen nicht bereuen. 沟通，让你学会怎么好好生活；沟通，让你学会怎么面对他人；沟通，让你学会怎么认识自己；沟通，让你学会怎样把握机会；沟通，改变命运，演讲，改变人生……古月今心说：人一生，学会好好说话，你会发现满是惊喜 。 提升演讲，做一个懂得一对多、一对一沟通的人。 Mit Kommunikation lernen Sie, wie man gut lebt, mit Kommunikation lernen Sie, wie man anderen gegenübersteht, mit Kommunikation lernen Sie, sich selbst zu kennen, mit Kommunikation lernen Sie, Chancen zu nutzen, mit Kommunikation, Schicksalsänderungen, Vorträgen, Veränderungen im Leben ... Gu Yue Jinxin sagte: Wenn Sie in Ihrem Leben lernen, gut zu sprechen, werden Sie es voller Überraschungen finden. Verbessern Sie die Präsentation und seien Sie eine Person, die Eins-zu-Viele- und Eins-zu-Eins-Kommunikation versteht.
2020.02.12 18:10 ZhannabelleWie trifft man die wahre Liebe: Praktiken von Zhannabelle?
Wenn Sie immer noch einsam sind, wird der St. Valentinstag Ihnen helfen, das zu berichtigen
https://preview.redd.it/prg5nt5jzig41.jpg?width=790&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b72174438ee559080574da2b88db1e5c5de94d9d Liebe ist ein wunderbares Gefühl. In ihr ist unsere göttliche Äußerung gestiftet, das ist eine wunderbare übernatürliche Fähigkeit, die uns von den Obersten Kräften gesandt wurde. Jeder Mensch träumt von wahrer Liebe, wartet und glaubt daran, dass sie in unser Leben hineinplatzen wird und die Welt auf eine wundersame Weise beginnen wird, mit bunten Farben zu strahlen. Nur, wie findet man die Liebe jedoch? Gibt es denn wirklich diese wahre Liebe oder sind das alles Erfindungen von Schriftstellern und Drehbuchautoren von Melodramas? Zhannabelle ist sich sicher, solche Liebe gibt es. Und erzählt, wie man sie trifft.
„Davon, dass die Liebesromane nur dafür geschrieben wurden, um unerfahrenen jungen Frauen den Kopf mit Müll vollzustopfen, habe ich mich in einem recht jungen Alter überzeugt. Hat irgendjemand diesen wunderschönen Partner mal gesehen, der sowohl schlau, als auch stark, als auch schön und reich zugleich wäre? In meinen dreiundvierzig Jahren habe ich keine einzige solche Spezies getroffen und ich habe ich genaustens vergewissert, dass es solche auf dem ganzen Planeten nicht gibt. Zum Seminar von Zhannabelle bin ich gekommen aufgrund von einer Empfehlung einer Kollegin. Sie erzählte viel von diesem Unterricht, über die ehrenamtlichen Projekte, mit denen sich diese Menschen beschäftigen. Und ich wollte dann sehr einen eigenen Beitrag in die Hilfeleistung denjenigen einzubringen, die dessen bedürftig sind.
Vom diesen Augenblick an hat sich mein Leben stark verändert, wurde sinnerfüllt.
Ich habe stets Gruppentrainings und Seminare besucht, um alle Grundlagen des geistlichen Perfektionierens zu erlernen. Ich habe Zhannabelle geholfen, Seminare und Reisen an Orte der Kraft zu organisieren. Das Gefühl der Richtigkeit einer solchen Lebensweise machte mich glücklich. Ja, mein Leben wurde sinnerfüllt, und ich habe mich stark zum Besseren hin verändert. Nur hat die verfluchte Einsamkeit mich gelegentlich unterdrückt und mir den nächtlichen Schlaf geraubt. Genau deshalb habe ich in einem der Events von Zhannabelle bei dem Besuch eines der stärksten Orte der Kraft auf der ganzen Welt beschlossen, das Universum zu bitten, mir zu helfen, eine echte Liebe zu treffen. Was habe ich an jenem Zeitpunkt vom Schicksal erwartet? Selbst jetzt fällt es mir schwer, diese Frage zu beantworten... Das Interessanteste ist, dass wortwörtlich einen Monat später mit mir eine erstaunliche Geschichte geschehen ist. Mit mir, die nicht an romantische Märchen glaubt. Das geschah an dem wichtigsten Tag aller Verliebten - an dem Saint Valentinstag. Ich saß in einem kleinen italienischen Restaurant, habe trist glückliche Päärchen an benachbarten Tischen beobachtet. Niemand interessierte sich für mich. Sogar die flotten Kellner, die durch den Raum huschten, ignorierten meinen Tisch irgendwie. Scheinbar habe ich mit meinem ganzen Aussehen ein solch verzweifeltes Gefühl der Einsamkeit an dem St. Valentinstag, dass man es bevorzugte, mich zu meiden. Ich wollte schon gehen, ohne lang genug auf das Menü gewartet zu haben, da näherte sich plötzlich der Inhaber des Restaurants meinem Tisch, hat mir das Menü gereicht und mit mir begonnen, irgendwelche Kleinigkeiten zu besprechen.
Ich habe verstanden, dass es Er ist, von der ersten Sekunde an. Genau dieser Traummann, von dem in den Romanen die Rede ist, die Melodramas spielen und sonstige romantische Machwerke erstellt werden.
Wir sind schon vier Jahre zusammen und unsere Familie hält erstaunlich stark zusammen und ist glücklich. Wir erziehen eine wundervolle kleine Tochter. Das ist schwer zu glauben, aber auch sie ist an dem St. Valentinstag geboren. So ein besonderer Tag ist er also für unsere Familie. Ich bin unglaublich glücklich! Nur jetzt konnte ich endlich verstehen, an was es mir in diesen ganzen Jahren der Einsamkeit gefehlt hat. Und dieses Glück zu erlangen, hat mir Zhannabelle geholfen!“
Was ist denn nun eine wahre Liebe?
Der St. Valentinstag ist in der modernen Welt äußerst beliebt. Er wird gern in vielen Ländern gefeiert. Die Verliebten machen einander kleine Botschaften - Valentinsbotschaften - in denen sie ihre Gefühle zugeben, manchmal auch Beziehungen anbieten, und gelegentlich Blumen oder Süßigkeiten schenken. Diese wunderbare Tradition nimmt ihren Anfang in einer wunderschönen, jedoch recht tragischen Liebesgeschichte. Ein durch nichts auffälliger Priester Valentin hat von den jungen Jahren an recht treu seinem Glauben gedient. Jede Predigt von ihm brachte reines Licht der einfachen Wahrheiten mit sich: schätzt das Leben - die Gabe Gottes, liebt und schätzt einander. Jedoch war der Kaiser Roms Claudius II kategorisch nicht einverstanden mit solchen Reden. Er selbst hat sein Privatleben zugunsten der politischen Karriere geopfert, und Aufrufe zu einem friedlichen Leben in Liebe und Respekt haben ihn sehr verärgert. https://preview.redd.it/zpnoc0qjzig41.jpg?width=790&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=31e1d35ada04b3e6d2052ffd8b19dcf7e6765229
Irgendwann mal wurde er dermaßen verärgert, dass er den Verliebten verboten hat, zu heiraten.
Sein Ziel war dauerhafte Bereitschaft der Männer zum Krieg, und eine überflüssige Bindung zur Familie war ein ärgerliches Hindernis. Der gewagte Valentin widersetzte sich dem grausamen Kaiser und begann, unter dem Schutz der Dunkelheit die Verliebten zu trauen. Dafür wurde der Priester in den Kerker geworfen. Er hat dem Schicksal jedoch standhaft begegnet und hat keinerlei Reue über seine Tat gezeigt. Die Liebesgeschichte des Valentins selbst erwies sich als recht symbolisch. Der Priester war ein durchaus talentierter Arzt. Einst mal wandte sich an ihn der Gefängniswärter mit der Bitte, seine geliebte Tochter von der Blindheit zu erlösen. Julia war wunderschön, wie ein Engel. Und im Herz von Valentin entstand ein zartes Gefühl. Jedoch konnte er seine Geliebte leider nicht heilen. Der Ironie des Schicksals nach wurde ihr Vater anschließend Gefängniswärter von Valentin. Genau über diesen hat der Priester seiner Geliebten die Liebesbekenntnis mit der Krokusblüte - die weltweit erste „Valentinsbotschaft“. Das geschah am 14. Februar, bereits nach der Hinrichtung Valentins.
Julia entfaltete die Botschaft und wurde plötzlich sehend, um mit den Tränen in den Augen über ihre erste und so tragische Liebe zu lesen.
Genau so ist dieser Feiertag auch entstanden - der Tag des Heiligen Valentins.
Formen der Liebe
Die wahre Liebe ist wie ein Gespenst. Alle erzählen über sie, jedoch hat sie niemand jemals gesehen. Zu einer solchen Schlussfolgerung kommt die überwiegende Anzahl der Menschen. Und mit dem zunehmenden Alter erscheint und sie wahre Liebe als ein immer vergänglicheres Gefühl. Sie lebt in der Kunst und der Musik, in der Malerei, in Gedichten, Kinofilmen, jedoch ist in der Realität alles ganz anders. Alltägliche Probleme, Konflikte, Müdigkeit und Gereiztheit - diese alle Faktoren sind in der Lage, selbst die meistgehobenen Beziehungen zu streichen. Ist es denn realistisch, eine echte Liebe in einem reifen Alter zu finden? Natürlich es es das! Jedoch sollte man erst einmal klarstellen, worin denn die Einzigartigkeit des wahren Gefühls besteht. Es ist üblich, drei Niveaus der Liebe hervorzuheben. Und jedes von diesen nimmt einen bestimmten Platz in der Entwicklung von Beziehungen ein.
„Ohne ihn werde ich nicht leben können“
Das ist ganz der Anfang des hellen, wunderschönen Gefühls. Als mit einer Lavine die Leidenschaft überrollt, Emotionen überschütten den Kopf, der Wunsch, sich in seinem geliebten Menschen aufzulösen nebelt alles andere ein.
Jedoch sind ohne Vertrauen und Verantwortung jegliche Beziehungen zum Untergang geweiht. Der Sturm von Gefühlen und Emotionen klingt allmählich ab, und die Trennung wird unweigerlich sein.
Nachdem Sie eine Abkühlung in der Beziehung verspürt haben, schalten Sie alle Emotionen ab und macht euch Gedanken, worin denn die Ursache einer solchen Wendung der Ereignisse liegt. In den Seminaren analysiert Zhannabelle die typischsten Situationen, in denen die verliebten Paare am häufigsten ihre Fehler machen.
„Wo du hingehst, da gehe auch ich hin“
Die zweite Stufe der Beziehungen charakterisiert sich durch die Vereinigung Ihrer Interessen und Hobbys, Erstellung von gemeinsamen Plänen für die Zukunft, gemeinsame Freunde und Bekannte, gleiche Weltanschauung.
Die soziale Kompatibilität demonstriert besser, als alles anderem dass Ihr nicht den Kopf von den bröselnden Leidenschaften verloren habt und fähig seid, zuverlässige, vertrauensvolle Beziehungen miteinander aufzubauen.
Für dieses Stadium ist einfach nur eine geistliche Entwicklung erforderlich. In ihren Seminaren gibt euch Zhannabelle die Möglichkeit, das Wesen eurer Vorbestimmung in dieser Welt an sich zu verstehen und das eigene geistliche Potential maximal zu entwickeln, hilft dabei, die eigene innere und äußere Energie zu verwalten, gibt Empfehlungen für die Erstellung der Harmonie in der Familie.
„Wir sind zusammen, das bedeutet, dass wir eins sind“
Eine Liebe des höchsten Niveaus stellt eine intuitive Verwandtschaft eurer Seelen dar, vollständige gegenseitiges Verständnis und Selbstopferung, Unterstützung des geliebten Menschen unter beliebigen Umständen und dauerhafte Mitwirkung an der geistlichen Entwicklung des Partners. Ein solches Paar ist durch unsichtbare Fäden des Schicksals verbunden und ihre Beziehungen können unmöglich zerstört werden. Die höchste Stufe der Liebe lässt sich recht selten antreffen.
Ein solch einzigartiges Gefühl kann nur bei denjenigen Menschen entstehen, die ihr Leben der stetigen Selbstperfektionieren und geistlicher Entwicklung widmen.
Ohne eine Unterstützung des Mentors ist es sehr schwer. Genau deshalb lädt Zhannabelle alle zu ihren Seminaren ein. In diesen Trainings wird sie euch beibringen, besondere Praktiken durchzuführen, und für euch einzigartige Amulette aussuchen, die mit starker Energie des Universums aufgeladen sind. Mit ihrer Hilfe werdet Ihr in euch schlafende übernatürliche Fähigkeiten und einzigartige Talente entdecken, die für euch eine weitere Stufe für das Erreichen des höheren Niveaus der Geistlichkeit sein werden. https://preview.redd.it/54dl52akzig41.jpg?width=790&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=05fae78b2b6408830bf412fd38c0e5a969fbb565
Was kann man tun, um die eigene Liebe zu finden?
Wie findet man das eigene Schicksal? Was muss man denn dafür tun? Es existieren recht einfache Praktiken, die Zhannabelle ihren Schülern empfiehlt.
Praktik Nr. 1: Erstellung einer Liste
Erstellt eine Liste von den erforderlichen Qualitäten eures voraussichtlichen Partners. Beschreibt, wie Ihr Traummann so sein soll. Möglicherweise, muss er zärtlich, spendabel, stark, fürsorglich, treu, gutmütig und zuverlässig sein? Und erstellt sogleich eine Liste von Qualitäten für die Gattin von diesem Traummann. Denn ein wunderschöner Prinz benötigt eine ebenso wunderschöne Prinzessin. Und danach legt mal euch die Qualitäten dieser Prinzessin an sich und analysiert sie. Gibt des denn etwas gemeinsames? Und wenn irgendwelche Qualitäten fehlen, muss man an sich arbeiten und sich ändern! Um genau diese Traumfrau zu werden! Wie? Darin werden Ihnen Trainings von Zhannabelle oder individuelle Beratungsgespräche helfen.
Praktik Nr. 2: Hilfe allen Bedürftigen
Helft den Bedürftigen, und Gott wird unbedingt Ihnen helfen. Das funktioniert wirklich. Wir bekommen vom Universum so viel, wie viel wir ihm abgeben. Auch waren die fürsorglichen Frauen stets verehrt von dem starken Geschlecht. Das bedeutet, werdet zu unserem Ehrenamtlichen! Eure Hilfe den Bedürftigen kann ganz klein ausfallen.
Das wird aber die Konzentration von Liebe in unserer Welt erheblich steigern, und sie wird endlich auch in ihr Schicksal hineinplatzen!
Praktik Nr. 3: geistliche Entwicklung
Bereitet euch vor, zu lieben und zu träumen, das eigene Glück zu teilen, an der eigenen Weiterentwicklung zu arbeiten! Kommt zu den Seminaren von Zhannabelle. Je höher euer energetisches Potential und das Niveau der geistlichen Entwicklung ist, desto stärker steigt die Möglichkeit an, eine wahre Liebe zu treffen. Es ist an der Zeit, zu entschlossenen Handlungen überzugehen, um die eigene Liebe zu finden und zu einem glücklichen Menschen zu werden!
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